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41 terms

LA202 Lit Terms

STUDY
PLAY
allusion
a casual and brief reference to a famous historical or literary figure or event
alliteration
the reoccurance of initial constant sounds
allegory
narrative in which literal meaning corresponds directly to symbolic meaning
anaphora
repetition of word(s) for meaning
anachronism
something or someone that is not in its correct historical or chronological time
aphorism
a brief, sententious statement of a truth or principle
apostrophe
a direct address to an absent or dead person or to an object, quality, or idea
assonance
repetition of similar vowel sounds in a sequence of nearby words
cacophony
the clash of discordant or harsh sounds within a sentence or phrase
epithet
an adjective or phrase that describes a prominent feature of a person or thing
euphemism
the substitution of a mild or less negative word or phrase for a harsh or blunt one
hyperbole
a figure of speech in which deliberate exaggeration is used for emphasis
juxtaposition
place two items side by side to create an effect, reveal an attitude, or accomplish a purpose
irony
a technique of detachment that draws awareness to the discrepancy between words and their meanings
litotes
a form of understatement in which a statement is affirmed by negating its opposite
metaphor
a comparison without using like or as
metonymy
the substitution of one term for another that is generally associated with it
onomatopoeia
sounds of words
oxymoron
a figure of speech which, for emphasis, contradictory terms are brought sharply together
pathos
quality in literature that evokes high emotion, sorrow, pity
paradox
a self-contradictory statement that finds deeper meaning
parallelism
use of two or more words, phrases, or sentences with the same grammatical structure
personification
an animal displaying human like feelings, behavior
satire
work that exposes to ridicule the shortcomings of individuals, institutions,or society
simile
a figure of speech using like or as
synecdoche
a form of metonymy in which a part of an entity is used to refer to the whole
synaesthesia
the use of one kind of sensory experience to describe another
pun
a play on words that exploits the similar in sound between two words with distinctly different meanings
verbal irony
use of a statement that, by context, implies its opposite
situational irony
what is expected to happen is different than the outcome
dramatic irony
the audience or reader knows something that the characters do not
protagonist
main character
antagonist
character or force who blocks the protagonist
atmosphere
The mood the reader gets from the setting, the characterization and the tone of the narrator
connotation
it is the feelings and emotions associated with a word
denotation
the literary(dictionary) meaning of a word
motif
a reoccuring image, phrase, idea that relates to and develops the theme
sarcasm
a form of verbal irony in which the opposite of what the speaker says is meant, usually expressing scorn or meant to hurt
symbolism
an object, animate or inanimate, which represents or stands for something else
theme
the essential idea,group of ideas, or philosophy that the writer wants the reader to understand from the story s/he is telling
tone
the attitude of style or expression used to write