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quiz on chapters 1-4

In the anatomical position, the face and palms are on the ____body surface


the buttocks and shoulder blades are on the ___body surface


the top of the head is the most ___ part of the body


the ears are ___ and ___ to the shoulders and ___ to the nose

medial ; superior; lateral

the heart is ___ to the vertebral column (spine) and ___ to the lungs

anterior; medial

the elbow is ___ to the fingers, but ___to the shoulder

proximal; distal

the abdominopelvic cavity is ___ to the thoracic cavity and ___ to the spinal cavity

inferior; anterior

in humans, the dorsal surface can also be called the ___ surface


in quadruped animals, the dorsal surface is the ___ surface


If an incision cuts the heart into right and left parts, the section is a ___ section


if the heart is cut so that inferior and superior portions result, the section is a ___ section


you are told to cut a dissection animal so that both kidneys are observable in each section. The two sections that will meet this requirement are the ___ and ___ sections

frontal; transverse

a section that demonstrates the continuity between the spinal and cranial cavities is a ___ section


define section

a cut along an imaginary plane through the body wall or organ

median (mid sagittal)plane

goes vertically down the mid section (between breast bone) of the body

frontal plane

goes laterally through the front an back of the body

transverse plane

cuts horizontally through the middle (below the ribs)




pertaining to the fingers


shoulder blade region


anterior aspect of knee


heel of foot


pertaining to the head

describe the standard human anatomical position

body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs pointing outward

know the nine regions and where they are located... from left to right 3 across

rt hypochondriac region- epigastric region- left hypochondriac region

right lumbar region- umbilical region- left lumbar

rt iliac region- hypogastric (pubic) region- left iliac region

which cavity needs to be opened for surgery to remove a cancerous lung lobe

thoracic and ventral

cavity- removal of the uterous , or womb

abdominopelvic and ventral

cavity- removal of brain tumor

cranial and spinal

cavity- appendectomy

abdominopelvic and ventral

cavity- stomach ulcer operation

abdominopelvic and ventral

cavity- delivery of pre operative saddle anesthesia


name the muscle that subdivides the ventral body cavity


which organ system would not be represented in any of the body cavities

skeletal, muscular and integumentary

what are the bony landmarks of the abdominopelvic cavity

dorsally, the vertabral column; laterally and anteriorly the pelvis

which body cavity has the least protection to its internal structures?


what is the functions of the serous membranes of the bofy?

they produce a lubrication fluid that reduces friction as organs slide across one another or against the cavity walls during their functioning

orbital cavity

holds the eyes inan anterior facing position

middle ear cavity

houses 3 tiny bones involves in hearing

nasal cavity

contained within the nose

oral cavity

contains the tongue

synovial cavity

lines a joint cavity

body cavities

dorsal body cavity- cranial (superior) cavity, vertebral (inferior)/spinal cavity

ventral body cavity- thoracic(superior) cavity, abdominopelvic (inferior cavity) abdominal (superior) cavity, pelvic (inferior) cavity

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