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Articles of Confederation
each state retained its sovereignty and independance, had one vote in congress, and the central/national government was really weak
meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced the new U.S. Constitution
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
Initial proposal at the Constitutional Convention made by the Virginia delegation for a strong central government with a bicameral legislature dominated by the big states.
New Jersey Plan
New Jersey delegate William Paterson's plan of government, in which states got an equal number of representatives in Congress
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature (Senate) and representation based on population in the other house (House of Representatives)
Checks and Balances
authority shared by the 3 branches of government to make sure none of them would gain more power than another
power elite view
View that the government is dominated by a few top leaders, most of whom are outside the government
The ability of one person to cause another person to act in accordance to the first persons intentions
A political theory espoused by C. Wright Mills which holds that an elite of corporate leaders, top military officers, and key political leaders make most political decisions
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