Unit 5 Test
Terms in this set (33)
First and only president of the Confederate States of America after the election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860 led to the secession of many southern states.
Alliance of southern states that seceded from the Union over slavery
Robert E. Lee
Led Confederate forces. He successfully led several major battles until his defeat at Gettysburg, and he surrendered to the Union's commander General Grant at Appomattox Courthouse.
A group of northern Democrats who opposed abolition and sympathized with the South during the Civil War
A military draft (During the American Civil War a wealthy man could avoid ~ by hiring a substitute to serve in his place)
Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, and control of the Mississippi River
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
First African American Regiment, suffered heavy casualties at Fort Wagner.
An "angel of the battlefield" in the Civil War, she treated the wounded in the field. Helped start the American Red Cross.
A Confederate prisoner-of-war camp where Union soldiers died by the thousands:
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
The first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Northern soil. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. After this "win" for the North, Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln freed all slaves in areas under rebellion; excluded the border states, keeping them on the side of the union. Prevented foreign powers from entering the war, provided a reason for the war, and allowed blacks to enlist in the army.
Grant besieged the city from May 18 to July 4, 1863, until it surrendered, yielding command of the Mississippi River to the Union.
July 1-3, 1863, Three day turning point in war, Union victory in Pennsylvania, most deadly battle and last time South invaded North.
1864-1865 total destruction campaign from Geogia to the Atlantic coast.
larger population, better transportation, more industry
Strong generals, fighting a defensive war.
54th Massachusetts Regiment (Union) bravely attacked here before having to withdraw; blacks proved to whites their military ability in war
1865-1877; the attempt to rebuild and reform the political, social, and economic systems of the South after the Civil War.
1) All persons born or naturalized in the US are citizens of the country - Citizenship for African Americans, 2) Repeal of 3/5 Compromise, 3) Reject confederate debts
granted voting rights to all men regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
Election of 1876
Ended reconstruction. Hayes was elected, and then ended reconstruction as he secretly promised.
Speech by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg to dedicate the battlefield as a cemetery; supported the ideals of self-government and ideal that "all people are created equal."
Laws denying most legal rights to newly freed slaves; passed by southern states following the Civil War.
Northerners who wanted to punish the South and help the newly freed slaves by establishing public schools and voting rights for African Americans.
Northerners who went to the South immediately after the Civil War.
A derogatory term for Southerners who were working with the North to buy up land from desperate Southerners
Farmers who paid land rent with a part of their crop.
Ku Klux Klan
Secret society created by white southerners in 1866 that used terror and violence to keep African Americans from obtaining their civil rights.
government agency founded during Reconstruction to help former slaves with education, hospitals, food, and clothing.
President who came to office after Lincoln's assassination and opposed Radical Republicans; he was impeached.
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