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Government 252 Test 1
Terms in this set (45)
Does the national government or the state/local government affect your daily life more?
What is federalism?
sharing of powers between federal and state governments.
Does more power go to the states or the national government?
A lot of power resides with states
Why is federalism important?
It decentralizes our politics by spreading out where the power goes. States matter because of federalism.
How does power get separated?
The U.S. provides a unique model. Three levels: People, States, Federal Government all interact with each other
What is a confederacy?
A union of small governments with a weak central government.
What is an example of a confederacy?
Confederate States of American after the American Revolution.
What is a unitary government?
A government that the CENTRAL (national) government has the most power- example Great Britain
True or false: Having multiple levels of government invariably leads to conflict between national authority and state autonomy.
How do we keep the states and national government from killing each other?
The Consitution settles any disagreements they may have
Does the Consitution support the federal or state government more?
The Constitution supports both this neither.
Where is this quote from? "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, or reserved to the states respectively, or to the people."
The Tenth Amendment
Where is this quote from?: "The Constitution and the laws of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bond thereby, anything in the constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding."
What is dual federalism?
A system of government in which both the states and the national government remain supreme within their own spheres, each responsible for some policies.
What is cooperative federalism?
A system of government in which powers and policy assignments are shared between states and the national government.
What is devolution?
Transferring responsibility for policies from the federal government to state and local governments.
True or false: When push comes to shove, the state government is on top almost every time.
False; The national government is on top almost every time
How does the federal government act on states?
Through mandates, grants, and unfunded mandates
What are federal mandates?
a federal order imposed upon states
What are federal grants?
an award of money or economic aid provided by the United States Government out of the funds available in the general federal revenue
What are federal unfunded mandates?
Federal government tells states what to do without giving them the money to do so
Who is the "Kingfish"?
Huey P. Long
Huey P. Long (D)
He was arguably one of the most powerful politicians in U.S. history. He began his political career in Louisiana where he developed a reputation for being an unscrupulous reformer. As a U.S. senator, he became a critic of President Roosevelt's New Deal Plan and offered his alternative called the Share-the-Wealth program. He was assassinated in 1935.
Russell Long (D)
Most powerful Louisianan ever in DC
Served for 38 years in the Senate
Chair of the Senate Finance Committee
Retired in 86
Allen Ellender (D)
Speaker of the House in Louisiana
Chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee
Nicholls library named after him.
Died in 72'
J. B. Johnston (D)
Replacement of Ellender
Ran for Gov. against Edwards and lost so he ran for US Senate vs Ellender and Ellender died so he won
Challenged by Duke for his seat but still won
Remained a Senator still he retired in 96'
John Breaux (D)
Senator after Long
He was a centrist-conservative democrat
Mary Landrieu (D)
Won in a very close election
Lost her seat in 2014 to Cassidy bc she supported Obama
David Vitter (R)
Took Breauxs seat
Louisiana's first elected Republican senator
Lost to John Bel Edwards in the 2015 run for governor
Hale Boggs (D)
Was set to be House Speaker but died in a plane crash in Alaska in 71'
Lindy Boggs (D)
Took her husbands seat when he died
Contender for the VP spot in 84' but lost it bc of pro life view
Only white representative to a black district
Retired in 91'
Robert Livingston (R)
chair of the house appropriations committee
had extramarital affair's
resigned in 1998 to try and set an example for Clinton to resign
Billy Tauzin (R)
Took office as a Democrat in 1980 and served for 25 years but not as a Democrat
he switched parties after the 1994 election and one as a Republican and every election after
John Kennedy (R)
Bill Cassidy (R)
what are the rules of the senators
two from each state
serve six-year terms
House representative rules
reps are elected from population-based districts
each state is a portion seats according to state population in the census every 10 years
there are no term limits and the seats come up for reelection every two years
how many districts and house representatives does Louisiana have
six districts and six house representatives for each district
there are six representatives. Five are Republican and one is Democratic one is an African-American and the rest are white. One is a woman and the other five or men
suburban New Orleans
most solidly republican district in the state
includes North Shore and most of Houma
now held by Steve Scalise who is a Republican and the house majority whip
only Democratic district in Louisiana
consist of the city of New Orleans
also the only majority African-American district
Cedric richmond holds the sea who is a democratic African-American
Used to be Thibodaux's district
Charles Boustany currently holds the seat
Northwest Louisiana Shreveport Bossier
held by John Fleming
North east Louisiana Monroe Alexandria and a lot of rural area
was held by Luke Letlow but passed away from Covid and his wife Julia Letlow now home to the sea
includes the Baton Rouge area
currently held by Garrett Graves
includes the city of Thibodeaux
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