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US History Gilded Age Vocab

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Peter Cooper
1830
Peter Cooper
Baltimore-based industrialist
Peter Cooper
Manufactures America's first steam locomotive "the tom thumb"
Peter Cooper
steam power and railroading highlight america's antebellum industrial evolution
Charles Goodyear
New Haven, CT native
Charles Goodyear
invents and receives a patent for vulcanized rubber
Charles Goodyear
inspires the founding of goodyear tire and rubber company, though had no direct connections to the business
William Kelly
Pittsburg, PA native
Sir Henry Bessemer
Englishman
William Kelly/ Sir Henry Bessemer
perfect the manufacture of steel from iron ore
William Kelly/ Sir Henry Bessemer
"The Bessemer Process" and the "Bessemer Converter" contribute greatly to the industrial revolution of the gilded age
Samuel Finley Breese Morse
1835
Samuel Finley Breese Morse
Massachusetts born artist turned inventor
Samuel Finley Breese Morse
Introduces the telegraph
Samuel Finley Breese Morse
the first inter-city telegraphic message is sent in 1844 from Baltimore to Washington DC "what hath God wrought"
Samuel Finley Breese Morse
devises a language "Morse Code" for his innovation in communication
Edwin Drake
railroad conductor drills first oil well at Titusville, PA on August 27, 1859
Edwin Drake
Project dubbed "drake's Folly" by contemporary critics
Edwin Drake
First thought to have medicinal properties, crude oil proves greater value as a lubricant and fuel source
Edwin Drake
America's greatest gilded age fortune will be built in the Petroleum Industry
Christopher Lanthom Sholes
1867
Christopher Lanthom Sholes
Pennsylvania born, Milwaukee based printer
Christopher Lanthom Sholes
introduces the typewriter
Christopher Lathom Sholes
His device featured the qwerty keyboard
Christopher Lanthom Sholes
Revolutionized and defined the workday for american women
Alexander Graham Bell
1876
Alexander Graham Bell
scotch born, boston based
Alexander Graham Bell
speech teacher
Alexander Graham Bell
introduces the telephone
Alexander Graham Bell
March 10, 1876
Alexander Graham Bell
Mr Watson, come here, I want you!
Alexander Graham Bell
also tinkers on other gadgets including a metal detector
Thomas Alva Edison
The Wizard of Menlo Park
Thomas Alva Edison
1% inspiration, 99% perspiration
Thomas Alva Edison
ohio born, new jersey based inventor with over 1300 lifetime patents
Thomas Alva Edison
1877 the phonograph "Mary had a little lamb"
Thomas Alva Edison
1879 the lightbulb
Thomas Alva Edison
1882 nyc contracts him to provide it with practical electricity
Thomas Alva Edison
1887 motion pictures, he calls his rotating studio "Black Moriah"
George Westinghouse
new york state native and versatile inventor
George Westinghouse
1869 developed the railroad air brake
George Westinghouse
1883 pioneered safety in the transport and combustion of natural gas
George Westinghouse
founded westinghouse electric company and developed the common use of AC rather than DC electricity
Henry Ford
michigan born farm-boy of irish ancestry
Henry Ford
takes work as a machinist apprentice
Henry Ford
combines an internal combustion engine with a set of bicycle tires to come up with his "tin lizzie" or "horseless carriage"
Henry Ford
assembly line mass-production of the automobile puts detroit and suburban america on the map
Henry Ford
revolutionizing american industry, society, politics in the 20th century
Guglielmo Marconi
1894
Guglielmo Marconi
irish-italian
Guglielmo Marconi
bases his work in electromagnetics on studies conducted by German Heinrich Hertz
Guglielmo Marconi
first to apply electromagnetic waves to transmit "wireless" messages across a long distance, invents radio
Orville and Wilbur Wright
1903
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Dayton Ohio based bicycle mechanics
Orville and Wilbur Wright
put wings on a "horseless carriage" and introduces the airplane
Orville and Wilbur Wright
first in flight December 17, 1903 at Kittyhawk, NC
Orville and Wilbur Wright
12 second first flight