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tendons that anchor the cusps of the heart valves to the papillary muscles of the myocardium, preventing valvular prolapse
inherited condition, elongation of bones, joint hypermobility, abnormalities of eyes, development of aortic aneurysm
a pump that pushes blood through all the arteries, blood circulates oxygen and nutrients, picks up waste, hollow, muscular organ, size of a fist
pertaining to the lung (pulmonic); right ventricle to lungs to pulmonary veins to left atrium
goes through the pulmonary artery to lungs for oxygen sending blood back through pulmonary veins to left side of heart
heart conduction, route
SA node sends electrical impulses to AV, these are transmitted to bundle of HIS (conduction fibers) which divide, becoming smaller, ending with the Purkinje fibers
tendons, anchor cups of heart valves to papillary muscles of myocardium, prevents valvular prolapse
genetic, elongated bones, joint hypermobility, abnormalities of eyes, development of aortic anerysom
autoimmune, affects blood vessels and connective tissue, fibrous degeneration of major organs
risk factors include high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, and insulin resistance
MI and Angina difference
MI greater than 30 mins. and not relieved by rest or nitro.; Angina is less than 30 mins. and is relieved by rest or nitro.
MI-to reduce risk
stop smoking, change to a low fat, low cholesterol diet, do regular exercise, reduce stress
CAD risk factors than can be changed
smoking, High blood cholesterol, High blood pressure, Physical inactivity, Obesity and overweight, Diabetes mellitus
mitral valve prolapse (b)
incompetence in the mitral valve that leads to prolapse (congenital or scarring)
carries oxygenated blood to body tissues from left ventricle through the body back through the right atrium
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