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40 terms

World History Chapter 2 vocab words

10th grade regular world history, chapter 2 early history
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Mesopotamia
land between Tigris and Euphraties
Sumerians
created Mesopatamian civilizations, People who dominated Southern Mesopotamia through the end of the 3rd Millennium BCE. Responsible for the creation of irrigation technology, cunieform, and religious conceptions.
Uruk
independant city-state in Southern Meopatamia, an ancient Sumerian city in Southern Iraq, near the Euphrates, important before 2000 b.c. : exclusive archaeological excavations, notably of a ziggurat and of tablets with very early Sumerian script.
fertile crescent
Med sea to persian gulf
city states
land unit for Sumerian civilizations
ziggurat
a rectangular tiered temple or terraced mound erected by the ancient Assyrians and Babylonians
theocracy
the belief in government by divine guidance
sargon
warrior who found the Akkadian Empire and so became the first ruler of an empire in the Fertile Crescent
empire
many territories and peoples controlled by one government
babylon
the chief city of ancient Mesopotamia and capitol of the ancient kingdom of Babylonia
hammurabi
Babylonian king who codified the laws of Sumer and Mesopotamia (died 1750 BC)
code of hammurabi
the set of laws drawn up by Babylonian king Hammurabi dating to the 18th century BC, the earliest legal code known in its entirety
patriarchal
male-dominated
polytheistic
worshipping or believing in more than one god
cuneiform
an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
nile
the world's longest river (4180 miles)
lower egypt
The northern part of ancient Egypt
upper egypt
the southern part of ancient Egypt
menes
king of upper Egypt united the two kingdoms of upper and lower egypt
dynasty
a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
pharoah
Egyptian ruler who was believed to be the son of Re, the sun god, in human form. He had total authority over people and land.
bureacracy
a system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
mummification
embalmment and drying a dead body and wrapping it as a mummy
giza
an ancient Egyptian city on the west bank of the Nile opposite Cairo
hysoks
group of Western Asians
hatshepsut
First female pharaoh
Akhenation
monotheistic pharaoh
king tut
A young king whose tomb was filled with jewelry, robes, burial masks, and ivory statues. These findings have helped people learn about Egypt's past
rames ii
the strongest of the pharaohs at his time, ruled from 1279 B.C. to 1213 B.C.
cleopatra
beautiful and charismatic queen of Egypt
heiroglyphics
ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols for ideas or sounds
hieratic
a cursive form of Egyptian hieroglyphics
pastoral nomad
Groups of herders who move with their animals from place to place in search of pasture and water
indo-europeans
earliest versions of greeks, brought Gods, Zeus, warriors
monotheistic
believing that there is only one god
assyrians
known as a warrior people who ruthlessly conquered neighboring countries; their empire stretched from east to north of the Tigris River all the way to centeral Egypt; used ladders, weapons like iron-tipped spears, daggers and swords, tunnels, and fearful military tactics to gain strength in their empire
nebuchadnezzar
(Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC)
satrapies
the 20 states into which Darius divided the Persian Empire
satrap
a governor of a province in ancient Persia
royal road
a road in the persian empire, stretching over 1,600 miles from susa in persia to sardis in anatolia