Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
African American Psych Final
Terms in this set (41)
Explain why AA Psych is considered a radical psychology
It addresses itself in the roots (radicals) of human thought.
Organic Mental Disorders
Physiological, neurological, or biochemical malfunction (organic, i.e. schizophrenia)
-Result of physical defects and social environment.
-Outcome of a disordered society.
"The Original Man"
Personality operates according to certain principals that determine what motivates people
Quantitatively measure human responses to various stimuli (interpreted results to prove minority inferiority)
John Gray's measure the amount of pigment in hair, eyes, and skin. Just allowed you to get a closer look at the color.
Held next to skin until the match was made.
Adjust color disks and spin the top to "match" skin color.
Tryon's Maze Study
"maze-bright" white rat vs "maze-dull" brown rat. Brown rat had higher abilities in other areas, such as distance and angles..
Describe the typical demographic portrait (education status) of AA
38.6% AA have high school diploma or GED.
AA least likely to have higher degrees.
AA females more likely than AA males to graduate college.
What is the "talented-tenth"?
10% of AA population go on to higher education
Explain the historical debate between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Dubois.
: Friction between races would die once Blacks had what White individuals wanted/needed (agricultural push)
Urged AA to strive for education aspirations for self, and to be in the "Talented Tenth" of professionals: doctors, lawyers, and teachers.
Describe some challenges for educational equality that AA experienced.
Unequal treatment on district level as well within classrooms.
School zoning in Virginia kept segregation alive.
More enrollment in private school shifts state funding towards private rather than public education system.
-"Separate but equal"
Reduction in resources for low SES AA
Racial segregation had decreased, but there were differences across racial backgrounds/profiles.
Minority students' educational experiences differed from their white peers.
-Larger classrooms and lower access to quality teachers.
Explain why the achievement gap exist even though AA are more likely to attend early child care (pre-school)
AA more likely to be placed into early childhood centers, which are free, lower quality and less resources.
More of a child care center than child education center.
Perry Preschool Project
30 hours of high-quality active learning.
-Fewer referrals to special ed
-Lower adult arrest rates
Describe how parenting styles influence academic gains differently for AA and EA students.
Authoritative or Democratic parenting has more of a positive effect on academic gains for white students but not AA
Authoritatrian and maternal support show gains for AA
Federal early intervention program
-Fewer referrals to special ed
Describe how teacher-student relationships influence student gains
Researchers found that student performance conformed to teacher expectations; if a teacher thought a student was smart and interacted with the student as if she or he were smart, then the student performed well.
Teachers have lower expectations for AAs. Minorities often receive more punishment in school, which leads to less learning. Behavioral differences are more noticeable because they are more often outspoken (orality) and active (verve & rhythm)
Highly value education for the sheer purpose of learning (intrinsic motivation)
Sees education as important for occupational, social, and economic success (extrinsic motivation)
-More predictive of AA youth depending on what career they want. Attitudes drive by that reward; education driven solely by money rather than wanting to learn. Economic success could lead to selling drugs or other illegal way of acquiring money they wanted from getting an education.
No Child Left Behind Act
Increased importance of high-stakes tests.
-Teachers focus more on what's going to be on the test. Approach is not culturally sensitive.
-Students singled out as "low risk for passing" or "definite pass"
Describe how race and "school choice" are related to the demographic distribution of black and white students (non-college students)
White parents move children out of schools once 30%+ population is AA
Describe what AA Vernacular in English is, and what are some key features of AAVE (Ebonics)
geechee or gullah language used by Blacks, and southern individuals.
Does not follow traditional rules of syntax; subject verb agreement, tense, possession, and/or syntax (turning words into opposite meaning)
Describe what Mainstream American English is, and what are some key features of SAE.
Proper syntax; subject verb agreement, tense, etc.
Follows all the established rules of spoken and written language.
Explain the historical roots of Ebonics/AAVE
AA enslaved having different cultural and linguistic backgrounds.
Blend of language with English for communication.
Limitation of enslaved individuals to learn appropriate use of SAE.
Describe what Shifting/Code switching is. How is it beneficial to AA students?
Being able to go from using Ebonics to SAE.
Students who are better able to shift and code switch tend to have better academic gains in reading and comprehension than those who have difficulties shifting.
What is cognition? What are key elements of cognition?
The process of thinking or mentally processing information.
-Judgment, decision making
Acquire knowledge through external or "objective" understanding.
-Focus on measurable results and quantifying information.
-Learning to meet the needs of a systematic measurement (test).
Describe the key elements of AA cognitive styles.
-Attention to social and interpersonal stimuli: perception to environment.
-More likely to focus on people vs. furniture due to higher test anxiety
-More emphasis on communalism (social vs. physical stimuli)
Self-knowledge the basis of all knowledge. (Knowing one's perspectives, values, feelings) (Natural view or eastern world views)
-Knowledge subjective based on the person's prospective (not based on a test)
-Interpersonal and social contexts
-Acquire by positive interpersonal relationships.
Preference for certain sensory channels.
-Most info transmitted via visual channel
-AA prefer auditory and tactile channels of learning (Verve & rhythm)
Holistic approach to information organization and analysis: relational approach vs elemental
Which 2 belong together: Student, Teacher, Principal.
AA: Student and Teacher (relational)
EA: Teacher and Principal (elemental)
This shows how tests can be ethnically biased. AA look at relations more than the elements.
Describe the Analytic Learning Style (EA)
Rational and analytical methods that info is given and received.
Focus on objects rather than people
Focus on the parts rather than the whole
More time reflecting and processing; less time integrating.
-More receptive to repetitive nature
Describe the Relational Learning Style (AA)
Focused on holistic processing of info, how it goes together and social components
Social factors (teacher-student relationship) and personal factors (individual interest) both influence acquisition
Does the environment relate to the info being taught
Immediate vs. In-depth evaluation
Describe the key elements of Verve and Rhythm Learning
-High variability and intensity
-Expressive factors of education
Sets with similar terms
Finale Exam Review- EDUC 1301
Education Vocab Exam 1
Edthp 115 Quiz 1
Other sets by this creator
French 3 Final
Ethical Theory Final
Psychology & Law Final
Language Acquisition Final Review