Clash of Civilizations
Terms in this set (38)
Prince Henry VIII
Portuguese "Navigator" who launched voyages down the west coast of Africa and led sailing and exploration innovation.
Dutch East India Trading Company
Replaced the Protuguese dominance in the spice trade and rivaled the English in Indonesia.
Portuguese sailer who explore the sea to tip of Africa, inspiring further expeditions to search for new routes to Asia
Vasco de Gama
A Portugese sailor who was the first European to sail around southern Africa to the Indian Ocean
Favorable Balance of Trade
When a country sells more goods than it buys from other countries
A European belief adopted during the "Age of Exploration" that a country's power depended on its wealth.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a faster route east.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Divided the Atlantic world between Spain and Portugal. Portugal was granted the West African Coast and the route to India and Spain was given the oceans and the lands to the west.
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
"Middle America" the region extending from modern-day Mexico through Central America.
Advanced civilization in the Western Hempishere, famous for its temples, cities and complex social/political order.
Civilization of Mexico who created a strong empire that was defeated by the arrival of Hernando Cortez & the Spanish.
Notable civilization in western South America that was conquered by Francisco Pizarro of Spain.
A Spanish conqueror.
A person with Spanish and Native American ancestry.
Land granted by Spain to settlers in the Americas, this including the right to use Native Americans as laborers
To be owned and controlled by another person
Anglican Protestants from England who wanted to purify their church of Catholic ways.
Sailed to the Americas because of the rejection of the Church in England.
Bartolome Las Casas
Spanish priest who spoke out for better treatment for the Native American slaves
Direct descent from an ancestor.
North African, primarily Muslim people living in nomadic tribes.
Largest desert in the world, located in North Africa
Used in the desert as a pack animal during the Salt and Gold trade.
Salt and Gold Trade
Trade between northern and western Africa that ultimately benefited the Ghana, Mali, and Songhai empires.
Took control of the gold trade in 1200, the empire increased its riches to mythic proportions.
Expanded trade in West Africa and made Timbuktu a city of education. While on pilgrimage donated so much gold that there was inflation.
Mali trading city that became a center of wealth and learning.
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned by other people.
Atlantic Slave Trade
Buying and selling of African peoples from Western Africa to the Americas.
A harsh voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic.
A three way system of trade in which slaves were sent to America, Raw Materials to Europe, and Guns and Rum were sent to Africa.
the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases between the Americas and Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Individual ownership through individual risk and reward.
Joint Stock Company
Individuals combining wealth to distribute risk.
Established trade relations with foreign countries by keeping the influence of outsiders to a minimum.
Reinforced isolationism with the belief that if foreigners wished to trade with China, they would have to follow Chinese law.
People of Manchuria who invaded the Ming Dynasty forcing it to collapse and then created the Qing Dynasty.