Copyright & Fair Use

Vocabulary Review of Copyright Law and Fair Use - Computer Science/Technology Applications Classes
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Copyright
Copyright is a form of protection grounded in the U.S. Constitution and granted by law for original works of authorship fixed in a tangible medium of expression. Copyright covers both published and unpublished works.
Fair Use
A section of the U.S. copyright law that allows the use of copyrighted works in reporting news, conducting research, and teaching.
Public Domain
property rights that belong to the community at large, are unprotected by copyright or patent, and are subject to use by anyone
Royalty Free
Prepared material that can be used—legally—without paying a fee to the artist, publishing company, etc.
Trademark
A name, symbol, or other device identifying a product.
Royalty
Payment to the holder of a patent or copyright or resource for the right to use their property
derivative work
A "work" created by altering or changing an existing work
intellectual property
creations of the mind, both artistic and commercial
10% or 3 minutes
fair use--motion media or music
10% or 1000 words
fair use--text
Attribution
The acknowledgement that something came from another source. "Excerpt from: 'A Bold Face' - Managing Editor, Mark Walters, Wall Street Journal, Monday, Aug. 10, 2001"
Cite
to indicate a source of information or quoted material in a short, formal note.
What Copyright Protects
Copyright, a form of intellectual property law, protects original works of authorship including literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, such as poetry, novels, movies, songs, computer software, and architecture.
What Copyright does NOT Protect
facts, ideas, systems, or methods of operation
Patent
A part of the US Copyright law that protects inventions or discoveries.
Trademark
A trademark protects words, phrases, symbols, or designs identifying the source of the goods or services of one party and distinguishing them from those of others.
When Copyright is protected
the moment it is created and fixed in a tangible form - work created does NOT have to be registered to be protected unless you want to sue someone and go to court over a violation
Advantage for registering your work with Copyright Office
Registered works may be eligible for statutory damages and attorney's fees in successful litigation - NOTE: If your work is registered within 5 years of its creation this usually means you will win in court if you file a lawsuit over its illegal use