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Biology 112 Chapters 5-6 Study Guide
Terms in this set (15)
Carbohydrate or sugar, is
composed by many monomers called monosaccharides.
Carbohydrates are composed of
Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
Formula for Carbohydrate is
(CH2 O) n. N is the number of carbon hydrate groups.
Sugars are name based off of their attached
functional group, the number of carbons on them, and the suffix -ose) at the end
three carbon sugar and hexose is a six carbon sugar.
There are many different forms of
monosaccharides, the structures differ, because their functions differ.
Sugars and other carbohydrates
are highly variable in structure
Monosaccharides are monomers that
polymerize to form polymers called polysaccharides, and are joined by different types of glycosidic linkages.
Carbohydrates perform a wide variety of
functions in cells: serving as raw material for synthesizing other molecules, providing structural support, indicating cell identity, and storing chemical energy.
Polysaccharides, or complex carbohydrates, are
polymers of monosaccharide monomers
The simplest polysaccharides are
disaccharides, which are comprised of two monosaccharide monomers. (the monomers can be identical or different.)
Simple sugars polymerize when
a condensation reaction occurs between two hydroxyl groups (-OH), resulting in a covalent bond called a glycosidic linkage.
Plants store sugar as
Animals store sugar as
Cellulose is a structural polymer found in
plant cell walls
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