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Terms in this set (204)

-The stories show the amazing power of the prophet Ahijah.
-Also show how God is displeased with Idols.
-Jeroboam's son Abijah falls sick and so he tells his wife to disguise herself and go to the prophet Ahijah.
-God forewarns Ahijah that the wife is coming and so he knows she has come in disguise even though he has gone blind with old age.
-He prophesies to her that her son will die when she steps foot in her household again.
-But even more he expresses how God is angry with Jeroboam because he has turned his back on God and worships idols.
-God will punish the house of Jeroboam by killing them off- they will be devoured by dogs or eaten by the birds of the air.
-Only the son Abijah shall have a proper burial since he had some devotion to God.
-The wife returns and the son dies as she walks into the house.
-However, Jeroboam continues to reign and his son succeeds him.
-Story turns to Rehoboam son of Solomon of Judah-he too was displeasing to God because they built and worshipped idols and had male prostitutes.
-In the fifth year of his reign, an egyptian colony came and stole the treasures of the House of God.
-There was continual war between Jeroboam and Rehoboam. Rehoboam dies and his son succeeds him as king.
-Significance:after talking about both Jeroboam and Rehoboam it says that other accounts of their kingship are recorded in the Annals of the kings of both cities.
-This shows that these stories were chosen to be included here for a certain purpose.
-The stories show the amazing power of the prophet Ahijah.
-Also show how God is displeased with Idols.
-It seems interesting that the son still succeeds Jeroboam even though God says he is going to kill the house of Jeroboam.
-The Egyptian raid of the royal place seems to be by force however the JSB claims Rehoboam arranged it so he could pay off debts.
-A woman cries out to Elisha asking for help because her husband died and they were coming to seize her possessions.
-He instructed her to fill as many vessels as her family could find with their only possession; a jug of oil.
-She did so and filled as many vessels as she could find-when they could find no more the oil stopped flowing.
-She sold the vessels, repaid her debt and had money left over.
-passage transitions to another setting: A shummamite woman recognized that Elisha was a man of God and always offered him a meal and created him a place to stay in her house when he came to town.
-Elisha then asked her what he could do on her behalf in reward for her nice treatment
-She asked them for a son since she didn't have one and her husband was old.
-Elisha said she will bear a son this season next year and so she did.
-However one day the child died and so she rushed to find Elisha.
-Elisha instructed to put his staff on the childs face-however this did not bring him back to life.
- Elish then went into the room where the boy layed- he prayed to God and then placed his body over the boy's and the boy returned to life.
-Another setting: there was a famine in gilgal and elisha instructed his servant to prepare a stew to feed the disciples of the prophet.
-However, the stew became toxic and so elisha instructed them to throw flour on it and then the stew became edible again.
-A man from Baal-shalish came with 20 loaves of bread and some fresh barley.
-Elisha instructed him to use the bread to feed the hundred men.
-The man did so and there was even bread left over at the end.
-Significance: shows the power of the prophet Elisha: everything he prophesied came true and he had healing powers.
-Main theme is to show Elisha as a healer.
1.
-Job is introduced as one of the wealthiest man in the land of Uz (is a non- Israelite).
-Job was a good and pious man who made burnt offerings for his children who "fears God and shuns evil."
- An adversary (Satan) approaches God and challenges Him concerning Job's virtue.
- The adversary kills Job's children and cattle but Job still remains pious.
2.
-The adversary returns to God and said if Job were physically impaired he would not be the same pious man towards God.
-God gives the adversary permission to do what he pleases to Job, but he must not kill him.
-The adversary infects Job with sores all over his body.
-In response, Job's wife says "You still keep your integrity! Blaspheme God and die!" But Job responds by saying "Should we accept only the good from God and not accept the bad?"
3.
- Job regrets his own birth. He is very sad and says his life has no value.

-4 takeaways from the book
1) Suffering as a test. This is the original focus of the story. Job is tested and he endures.
2) Job suffers because God made a bet with Satan. This means that suffering has no meaning whatsoever.
3) God is the source of suffering. But in wisdom literature, you typically don't attribute reward and punishment to God.
4) There is no answer. This is the best answer. God is the all powerful creator, and who does Job think he is to come and complain to God. Job concedes that in fact, he understand nothing (wisdom is ultimately unreachable by us humans, we cannot attain wisdom, only God can).
-Job is a wisdom book but also an anti-wisdom book in which the argument is that wisdom has limits-incapable of its own on understanding and grasping fundamental questions (the suffering of the righteous), Job acknowledges his own limits
Background: MBS think it is a collection, traditionalist think it is one coherent text, ancient interpreters assumed it to be true

Thesis: The Hebrew bible can be viewed as a creation of multiple sources as seen in the documentary hypothesis. Overall, there are two themes which are the belief in a single God, and the wicked will be punished and the righteous rewarded. Though these are the two main themes, the bible is broken up into pieces that make it not coherent. In fact the bible is really just an anthology that hi lights separate ideologies, theologies, conceptions of God, reward and punishment.

Inconsistencies:
1) Repetition of stories with slightly different details. The flood story has repetition which causes inconsistencies in the length of the flood, number of animals... Arises due to the difference in sources (P vs J in this case)
2) Different names for god in multiple sources: Eloheim is universal but YHWH is not
3) Inconsistencies in P and D source when looking at the laws of slaughter. D says that secular slaughter can be performed while P disagrees. Other sources cause inconsistencies too, may have been written that prophets were in different groups such as literary, non-literaerym wisdom literature (Ecclesiastes)...Creation stories contradictory at times
4) Stories like Ruth Esther and Jonah don't seem to fit very well, all focus on non-Israelites

Rebuttals:
1)Put together tells a story with beginning of Genesis and creation-> Deuteronomy and laws-> Prophets are Israelites -> Persian conquest, however this could just be due to the Redactor
2)Main ideas make it one text (Universal god... righteous rewarded...)
Theme: Prophets are messengers sent by God to spread the word of God. They do not predict the future, they simply warn about possible forecasts. The addition of prophets creates a separation between the Israelites and God that sometimes makes people doubt in God.
-Latter prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel

Themes:
1) Devine Exclusivity:
-Monolatry, the worship of the one God alone without necessarily denying the existence of other Gods
-Monotheism, the belief and worship of the one God along with the denial of other Gods
-YHWH alone-Isael may not worship any other Gods
-The great prophet of cosmic monism is Second Isaish
2) Rituals and ethics
-Prophets contrast the rituals of the temple
-Amos chapter 5, spurs the festivals and will not partake in the offerings
-Social justice- prophets say God doesn't want your sacrifices or offerings
-Argue that God is saying that you first have to be loyal to one
3) Israel and other nations
-prophets are opposing the view that Israel's closeness will prevent disasters. Take about the nation because hols that there is a universal God that holds the other nations accountable for a unvieral code
-The nations are the instruments of God to carry out punishment and blessing for Jerusalem
-God uses the nations to punish/benefact Israel
-Most strinking in Isaiah 10 when Assyria is God's staff of anger but Assyria will in turn be punished
4)Reward and Punishment
-specifically to the discussion of individual responsibility
-Each individual is responsible for his or her sins
-Prophet is a warning figure, he does not predict disaster as he warns people of impending danger
-Doctrine of individual responsibility and repentance, people compliance that the parents have eaten sour grapes but it is the children whose teeth are set on edge (Ezekiel)
5) The future, wonderful and dreadful
-Prophets routinely speak for the future
-The great prophet of end-time prophecies is Isaiah, prophesies about restoration
Thesis: The destruction of the temple posed a huge problem to Judian thinkers and theologians, there were those who remained in Israel and those who went into exile.

1)Jeremiah:
-Lived through people's most traumatic hour
-Foreseen to only the fall of Jerusalem, but the fall of Babylon 70 year later at the time when people would return to Judah
-Jeremiah 29 writes a letter to the exiles to build houses and settle down: Live your lives and live them to the best of your abilities. Jeremiah gives them instruction to live your lives and someday will be able to back to Jerusalem
-Hopefulness
2) 2 Isaiah
-There are multiple Isaiah's characterized by time period.
-After chapter 40, the book refers to the people of Judah being exiled and now returning to their homeland
-Complete and utter joy in the moment cyrus came to power and conquered the babylonians,calls Cyrus the messiah
3) Danie
-characterized by the best you can be by the help of God
-They all rise to prominence in the imperial forces
-Advance in the kingdom by the help of God
-Chapter 1- Nebucanezzar as king and he didn't want to eat the food that the king had provided so with the permission of God, he was able to eat vegetables and work his way up in the kings rankings
Chapter 3- the three boys are saved by God in the furnace when the king throws them in because they would not worship the kings golden calf
4) Esther
-The book of Esther was written during Jewish captivity
-Depicts the Persian emperor Ahasureus who is a pompous windbag
-Affiars of the state are really bad
-Esther is able to save the Jewish community for destruction at the hands of arch villain Haman