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action happening in a moment


action happening for a duration


action that affects moment


occurring now


occurring before


action happening later

Simple Present

He speaks.

Present Progressive

He is speaking.

Simple Past

He spoke.

Past Progressive

He was speaking.

Present Perfect Simple

He has spoken.

Present Perfect Progressive

He has been speaking.

Past Perfect Simple

He had spoken.

Past Perfect Progressive

He had been speaking.

Future 1 Simple**

He will speak. He is going to speak.

Future 1 Progressive**

He will be speaking. He is going to be speaking.

Future 2 Simple

He will have spoken.

Future 2 Progressive

He will have been speaking.

Conditional 1 Simple

He would speak.

Conditional 1 Progressive

He would be speaking.

Conditional 2 Simple

He would have spoken.

Conditional 2 Progressive

He would have been speaking.

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