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English Grammar 101- Tenses

STUDY
PLAY
Simple
action happening in a moment
Progressive
action happening for a duration
Perfect
action that affects moment
Present
occurring now
Past
occurring before
Future
action happening later
Simple Present
He speaks.
Present Progressive
He is speaking.
Simple Past
He spoke.
Past Progressive
He was speaking.
Present Perfect Simple
He has spoken.
Present Perfect Progressive
He has been speaking.
Past Perfect Simple
He had spoken.
Past Perfect Progressive
He had been speaking.
Future 1 Simple**
He will speak. He is going to speak.
Future 1 Progressive**
He will be speaking. He is going to be speaking.
Future 2 Simple
He will have spoken.
Future 2 Progressive
He will have been speaking.
Conditional 1 Simple
He would speak.
Conditional 1 Progressive
He would be speaking.
Conditional 2 Simple
He would have spoken.
Conditional 2 Progressive
He would have been speaking.