Terms in this set (34)
parallel lines that are imaginary. They are measured in degrees north or south of the equator. They run east and west.
imaginary lines that run from pole to pole. north to south. They are measured in degrees east or west of the Prime Meridian.
imaginary line that circles earth halfway between the poles. It is at 0 degrees latitude.
Line of the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole. It is the starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude.
1/2 of the earth. When divided at the equator, the two halves are Northern and Southern. When divided from pole to pole the two halves are the Eastern and Western.
Huge land mass. There are seven of these in the world.
Huge area of salt water. They cover 3/4 of the earth's surface.
One of the many lines on the global grid that circles the earth north or south of the equator; used to measure degrees of latitude.
One of many lines on the global grid running from the North Pole to the South Pole; used to measure degrees of longitude.
The basic directions on the earth; north, south, east, and west.
This map shows the physical features of an area such as mountains and rivers.
This map shows human-made or geographical divisions of countries or regions.
triangular-shaped area of small islands of sediment that divide a river into smaller parts at the mouth.
large part of an ocean that extends into the land. They are usually larger than a bay.
Islands clustered together
area of land almost surrounded by water.
Any independent nation with a name and boundary.
Part of an ocean that has been identified by geographers as a distinct body of water with its own name.
deep, narrow, steep-sided, valley often with a river on the floor
Dry area of flat or rolling land that supports grass but few trees. They are located in tropical or subtropical areas.
Piece of land extending beyond the rest of the shoreline into the ocean
All the weather that occurs in an area over a long period of time-temperature and precipitation.
wide strait or waterway between two land-masses that lie close to each other; deep part of a river or other waterway.
narrow stretch of water joining two bodies of water.
narrow stretch of land connecting two larger land areas
part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water.
body of water between a coastline and one or more islands off the coast.
large thick body of slowly moving ice.
elevated land area such as a hill, mountain, or plateau
exact location of a place on the earth described by global coordinates
the position of a place on the earth's surface in relation to another place
characteristics that humans have created in a place, such as language, religion, housing, and settlement pattern
characteristic of a place occurring naturally, such as a landform, body of water, climate pattern, or resource
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