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65 terms

Renaissance stuff

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Italian Renaissance
a rebirth of learning
Europe suffered from what during the Middle Ages?
war and plague
what was the most powerful institution?
church
how was the church divided?
roman catholic (west)
orthodox (east)
Where did the Renaissance begin?
northern Italy
what are the dates for Renaissance?
1300s-1600s
what was revived during Renaissance?
classical Greece and Rome
why is Italy the birthplace of Renaissance?
thriving cities, wealthy merchant class, classical heritage
overseas trade that crossed Italy had been spurred by what?
Crusades
where did city-states usually develop?
northern Italy
horrendous disease during this time
Bubonic Plague
how did the plague work in the favor of workers?
higher wages could be demanded
most important city-states
Milan and Florence
merchants vs. nobles
merchants didn't inherit their social rank, they worked for it
what form of government did Florence have?
Republican
what family became dominant in Florence?
Medici
who was the most famous family member of the Medici family?
Lorenzo
what was Lorenzo's political position?
dictator
what famous book was advice to Lorenzo?
The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli
what is usury?
taking interest
what influenced Italians to be interested in classical art and learning?
ruins of Rome
where had Latin manuscripts been preserved?
monasteries
what happened in 1453 that impacted the Renaissance?
turks conquered Constantinople
humanities
history, literature, and philosophy
secular
worldly
secularists
wanted to experience the world
patrons
people who supported the arts
what is a person described as if they excel in many fields?
universal or Renaissance
who was the greatest Renaissance man?
Baldassare Castiglione
what family ruled Ferrara?
d'Estes
what book made Castiglione famous?
The Courtier
who painted Castiglione's portrait?
Raphael
who painted Isabella's portrait?
Titian
what was the name for most baptistries?
St. John the Baptist
who won the contest to paint the doors?
Lorenzo Ghiberti
for what amazing structure is Brunelleschi known?
dome of Santa Maria del Fiore
what else is Brunelleschi famous for?
first great master of architecture and rediscovering mathematical perspective
who was the first great master of sculpturing and rediscovered techniques such as contrapposta?
Donatello
who was the first great master of painting and was first to use mathematical perspective in his painting?
Massacio
what great artist is known for his two great works using mathematical perspective?
Raphael
why weren't Middle Age artists into using perspective?
the church was interested in such techniques, and that is who paid them, so they weren't taught
where was most artwork located and why was is there?
church, to tell stories
what did Donatello and Michaelangelo have in common?
they both sculpted David
what was Leaonardo's most famous religious work?
The Last Supper
what was Leonardo's most famous portrait and most likely most famous painting in the world?
Mona Lisa
where is "The Last Supper"?
Milan
what did Michaelangelo the most significant of the arts? why?
the creation of the nude, male figure for historical and religious reasons
where are most of Michaelangelo's paintings?
Italy
for what is Raphael known?
beautiful paintings of the Madonna and Child
who are the Madonna and Child?
Mary and Jesus
who were Anguissola and Gentileschi?
some of the first female painters
what does vernacular mean?
native language
what is the origin of the Romance languages?
Rome
what are the 5 Romance languages?
Latin, French, Italian, Spanish, Romania
to what family of languages does Latin belong?
Indo-European
what is the origin of English?
German
who is called the father of Renaissance humanism?
Petrarch of Italy
in what languages did Petrarch write?
Italian and Latin
how many lines are in a sonnet?
14
who was Laura?
Petrarch's inspiration
who is the author of Decameron?
Boccaccio
why is the title Decameron?
it shows both comic and tragic views of life
what is the english equivalent of Decameron?
Canteberry Isles
what was Machiavelli's most famous work?
the prince
what was the prince about?
giving rulers the advice that it was better to be feared than to be loved