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10 terms

Science Ch. 1 Lssn 3-4

STUDY
PLAY
controversy
A public disagreement between groups with different views
scientific law
A statement that describes what scientists expect to happen every time under a particular set of conditions
scientific theory
A well-tested explanation for a wide range of observations or experimental results
data
Facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations
controlled experiment
An experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time
responding variable
The factor that changes as a result of changes to the manipulated, or independent, variable in an experiment; also called dependent variable
manipulated variable
The one factor that a scientist changes during an experiment; also called independent variable
variable
A factor that can change in an experiment
hypothesis
A possible explanation for a set of observations or answer to a scientific question; must be testable
scientific inquiry
The ongoing process of discovery in science; the diverse ways in which scientists study the natural world and propose explanations based on evidence they gather