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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
apush unit 4 vocab organizer
Terms in this set (9)
the $15 million United States acquisition of the Louisiana territory from France in 1803. secured America's control of the Mississippi river and doubled the size of the U.S.
Lewis and Clark
a Congress-funded scientific exploration of the trans-Mississippi West led by Captain Meriwether Lewis and Lieutenant William Clark. Set out from St. Louis in 1804, crossed the Rockies, reached the Oregon coast on the Pacific Ocean, then turned back and completed the return journey in 1806. resulted in greater geographic and scientific knowledge of the region, stronger U.S. claims to the Oregon Territory, better relations with American Indians, and more accurate maps and land routes for fur trappers and future settlers
Embargo Act (1807)
Jefferson's attempted alternative to war that prohibited American merchant ships from sailing to any foreign port. backfired and brought more economic hinderance to the United States than to Britain. Jefferson called for its repeal in 1809, causing U.S. to be able to legally trade with all nations except Britain and France.
Young Democratic-Republicans with an eagerness for war with Britain. quickly gained significant influence in the House of Representatives, arguing that war with Britain would be the only way to defend American honor, gain Canada, and destroy American Indian resistance on the frontier.
War of 1812
War between the United States and Great Britain in which (from the U.S point of view) was started by pressure coming from the continued violation of U.S. neutral rights at sea, and troubles with the British on the Western frontier. United States gained respect of other nations after surviving two wars with Britain. the U.S. accepted Canada as a part of the British Empire. the Federalists party came to an end as a national force (declining even in New England) due to being denounced for its talk of secession. talk of nullification and secession in New England set a precedent that would later be used by the South. American Indians were forced to surrender land to white settlement after being abandoned by the British. U.S. factories were built, and Americans moved toward industrial self-sufficiency after the British naval blockade limited European goods. war heroes (Andrew Jackson, William Henry Harrison) became the forefront of a new generation of political leaders. the feeling of nationalism grew stronger as did a belief that the future for the United States lay in the West and away from Europe.
Forcing able-bodied and unwilling men into military or naval service. caused serious tension that helped to turn American public opinion against Britain
John C. Calhoun (SC)
A statesman and spokesman for the slave-plantation system in the South. helped steer the U.S. into war with Britain and establish the Second Bank of the United States
Henry Clay (KY)
Senator from Kentucky who ran for president five times but was never elected. a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, known as the "Great Compromiser" due to his responsibility for the Missouri Compromise.
Treaty of Ghent (1814)
A treaty signed by Great Britain and the United States that ended the War of 1812 stating that all conquered territory was to be returned and commissions were planned to settle the boundary of the United States and Canada. left most of their diplomatic differences unsolved.
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