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Asthma meds (PEDS)
Terms in this set (15)
Provides rapid relief for acute asthma attacks
-what does these drugs do?
-example of drug?
-bronchodilate , open airways by relaxing smooth muscle
Long term medication for asthma
-what do they do?
-everyday maintenance, seasonal, allergic and exercise induced asthma
-decrease airway inflammation, secretion, and obstruction
What do corticosteroids enhance?
Bronchodilation effects of long term management
How often can short-acting beta2-agonists be used? (albuterol)
every 20 minutes for an hour
Edu for pt for short-acting beta2-agonist (albuterol)
Rinse mouth (minimize dryness) and clean MDI once a week
What is Fluticasone (Flovent)?
What is prednisone (deltasone)
What is Ipratropium (Atrovent)?
-given with what? - why?
Anticholinergic that blocks the parasympathetic nervous system, providing relief for acute bronchospasm
-albuterol, combo is effective
______________ beta2-agonist is not to be used for an acute asthma attack
-what is it used for?
-added therapy used for nocturnal sx and prevention of exercise induced bronchospasms
What is Formoterol (oxeze turbhaler) ?
opens airways, relaxes smooth muscle increasing ciliary motility leading to bronchodilation
a third line agent, unnecessary for tx asthma exacerbations
not commonly used because of side effects
if used - serum concentrations should be monitored
What is Montelukast (singulair)
leukotriene receptor antagonist taken orally ,
reduces inflammation cascade responsible for airway inflammation
What do leukotrienes do?
improve lung function/ diminish sx & need for quick relief meds
-oral, granules & chewable tablets
Considerations for leukotrienes?
Should be taken in the evening
Do not stop abruptly
metered-dose inhaler (MDI)
mixes a single dose of the medication with a puff of air and pushes it into the mouth via a chemical propellant
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