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squamous epithelium

flat cells

cubodial epithelium

cube shaped cells

columnar epithelium

tall cells, like a column

simple epithelium

one cell layer thick

stratified epithelium

several cell layers

pseudostratified epithelium

stratified (several cell layers) "wanna be" looks like several layers but only 1

endocrine gland

ductless glands, secrete hormones directly into the blood

exocrine gland

secretes substances outward through a duct


act as chemical messengers to regulate specific body functions

collagen fibers

most abundant fiber found in the matrix of connective tissue


young, actively mitotic cell that forms the fibers of connective tissue

connective tissue proper

has 2 substances, loose connective & dense connective

loose connective tissue

areolar, adipose, and reticular

adipose tissue

fat tissues, greater nutrient storing ability

reticular connective tissue

only fibers in the matrix, support many free blood cells in lymph, spleen, and bone marrow

dense regular tissue

contains closely packed bundles of collagen fibers running in the same direction

dense irregular tissue

bundles of collagen fibers are THICKER and arranged irregularly


intermediate between dense connective tissue and bone

hyaline cartilage

"gristle", most abundant cartilage type in the body

elastic cartilage

more elastic fibers


a perfect structural intermediate between hyaline and dense regular connnective tissue


rocklike hardness, ability to support and protect body structures

osseous tissue

another term for bone


the fluid within blood vessels, consists of blood cells


highly specialized nerve cells that generate and conduct nerve cells

muscle tissue

highly cellular, responsible for most types of body movement

skeletal muscle

attached to the bones of the skeleton

smooth muscle

cells have no visible striations, found in the walls of hollow organs (digestive, urinary tract, uterus, blood vessels)

cardiac muscle

found only in the walls of the heart, help propel blood through the blood vessels to all parts of body

voluntary muscle

skeletal muscle contraction, under our conscious control

involuntary muscle

muscle that can't ordinarily be controlled voluntarily

cutaneous membrane

SKIN, thick layer of dense irregular connective tissue

mucous membranes

line body cavities that open to the exterior

serous membrane

moist membranes found in control ventral body cavities

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