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The lower portion of the heart formed by the tip of the left ventricle. It lies just above the diaphragm.
A groove that encircles the outside of the heart and separates the atria from the ventricles.
Circulation from the right side of the heart to the lungs and back to the left side of the heart.
Circulation of oxygenated blood from the left side of the heart to the body and back to the right side of the heart.
A thin smooth layer of epithelium and connective tissue that lines the hearts inner chamber.
A thin muscular layer that consists of cardiac muscle fibers responsible for the pumping action of the heart.
A double walled sac that encloses the heart and helps protect it from trauma and infection.
Two layers that make up the inner layer of the pericardium.(perietal and visceral)
Adheres to the outside of the heart and forms the outer layer of the heart muscle also called the epicardium.
The space between the perital and visceral layers that normally contains 20 mL of serous fluid.
Surgical puncture to remove fluid within the pericardial space surrounding the heart.
the tendonlike, fibrous cords that connect the atrioventricular valves to the papillary muscles of the ventricles
responsible for pulling the atrioventricular valves closed by means of the chordae tendineae
Separate the ventricles from arteries. Right sided pulmonic, left sided aortic. Open during systole to allow blood to be ejected from the heart.
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