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65 terms

Med Term chaper 1

STUDY
PLAY
Palpation
Examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel the texture, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
ologist
Specialist
Myelopathy
Describes any pathologic change or disease in the SPINAL CORD
myc/o
Fungus
Mucous
Describes the specialized mucous membranes that line the body cavities
Laceration
A torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
Inflammation--Infam--Inflamm
Is localized response to an injury or destruction of tissues
Ilium
Part of the hip bone
otomy
Cutting or a surgical incision
Appendix or Appendices
Hangs from the lower portion of the cecum/plays an important role in the Immune System
Suppuration
The formation or discharge of pus
Pyr/o
Fever or Fire
Syndrome
A set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
Symptom
Subjective evidence of a disease, such as pain or headache
Super or -Supra (prefix)
Above or Excessive
ot/o
Ear
rhin/o (combining form)
Nose
Arthritis
Inflamation of Joint
A combining form
A root word with a vowel at the end so that a suffix beginning with a consonant can be added. When combining form appears alone it is shown with a / between the word root & Combining vowel.....EX: gastr/o
oste/o
Bone
gram
A picture or record
plasty
surgical repair
ather/o
plaque or fatty substance
arthr/o
Joint
rrhage or rrhagia
Bleeding
Myorrhexis
the rupture of a muscle
inter (prefix)
between or among
sub (prefix)
under, less, below
ectomy
surgical removal
ostomy
surgical creation of an artifical opening to the bosy surface
sign
objective evidence of disease such as fever
itis
Inflammation
leuk/o
White
Tonsillectomy
The surgical removal of the tonsils
A word root
contains the basic meaning of the term....usually indicates the involved body part.
scopy
Visual examination
malacia
Abnormal Softening
megaly
Enlargement
Sclerosis
abnormal hardening
Abdominocentesis
surgical puncture of the abdomen to remove fluid
Cyanosis
Bluish color of the skin, nail beds, and/or lips due to an insufficient amount of oxygen in the blood
Angiography
X-ray imaging of blood vessels after injection of contrast material
Gastralgia
pain in the stomach.
Gastritis
inflammation of the lining of the stomach
Hepatomegaly
abnormal enlargement of the liver
Hypertension
a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
Intramuscular
Pertaining to within a muscle
Interstitial
between, but not within, the parts of a tissue
Lesion
any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision
Myopathy
any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
Neuritis
inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
Pyoderma
any acute, inflammatory, pus-forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
Pathology
the scientific study of disease
Supracostal
Pertaining to above the ribs
Poliomyelitis
an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord--Gray Matter--
AP
appendectomy or appendicitis
CFS
Chrionic Fatigue Syndrome
DG, Dg, Diag, diag, DX, Dx
Diagnosis
D/D, DD, DDx, diaf. diag
differential diagnosis
He
hemorrhage
Inflam, Inflamm
Inflammation
IM
Intramuscular
PA, Pa, path
pathology
PN
Postnatal
prog, prong, Prx, Px
prognosis