27 terms

Chinese Inventions

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moveable type
led to the printing of modern style books
water tight compartment
this discovery helped to improve boat construction
grenades
small bombs thrown by hand
porcelain
better vases and pots because porcelain/it was waterproof; Bone-hard white ceramic made of a special clay and a mineral found only in China.
segmental arch bridge
this invention made travel on and over rivers easier
compass
improved navigation, floating magnetized needle that always points north-south; device had existed in China for centuries before being adopted by sailors at sea.
disinfectant
poisonous smoke used to kill germs
paddlewheel
the addition of this to a boat help speed up travel on river and lakes
gunpowder
discovered by alchemist, explosive powder made from mixture of saltpeter, sulfur, and charcoal.
steel
stronger and lighter than iron
papermoney
made from woodblock printing on thick paper, paper money was issued by Song government to replace cumbersome strings of metal cash used by merchants.
flame throwers
made from gunpowder mixed with oil
catapult
a shot like war machine
paper
thin material made from softened and thinly sliced wood
Which invention took the least amount of time to be adopted by the West?
guns
Why might it have taken hundreds of years for an invention to be adopted by the West?
partly because of the distance/so far away or because China defended them well enough so that it took hundreds of years for the West to get into China.
printing
block printing; one block on which a whole page is cut
mechanical clock
clock in which machinery (driven by running water) regulated the movements.
What are 2 ways the kite was used in ancient China?
they were used in religious ceremonies; they were also used in wartime to send messages to Chinese prisoners or scare the enemy away.
Why did the invention of the kite have an impact on the world hundreds of years after it was first invented?
the kite was the forerunner to balloons and gliders.
golden Age
A golden age is when there are enough vital resources that new breakthroughs can be made.
impact of gunpowder
first used for fireworks, then weapons, technology spread west within 300 years.
impact of compass
helped china become a sea power; technology quickly spread west. it helped navigation become easier.
impact of mechanical clock
early Chinese clocks short-lived; idea for mechanical clock carried by traders back to medieval Europe
impact of paper money
contributed to development of large-scale commercial economy in China.
impact of porcelain
became a valuable export-so associated with Chinese culture that it is now called "china", technology remained a Chinese secret for centuries.
impact of printing
printing technology spread to Korea and Japan
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