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Chapter 6 Vocab
Terms in this set (34)
Termination of pregnancy. Depending on how far the pregnancy has advanced, this can be done by taking a pill (RU 486), scraping the uterine lining (dilation and curettage), removing the uterine lining by suction (dilation and evacuation), or inducing labor (by injecting hypertonic saline or prostaglandins)
(blockade) General term for contraceptive methods that block the passage of sperm.
A fertility awareness method of birth control that attempts to determine a woman's fertile period by use of a mathematical formula.
A contraceptive device that fits over the cervix by suction, thus blocking the passage of sperm into the uterus.
The slimy secretion of mucous membranes located inside the cervix
An oral contraceptive that contains both synthetic estrogen and synthetic progesterone.
For men, a thin sheath made of latex rubber, lamb intestine, or polyurethane that fits over the penis. For women, an intravaginal pouch held in place by two flexible rings. Condoms are effective as contraception and for prevention of sexually transmitted infections.
The prevention of conception.
A contraceptive device made of polyurethane sponge that contains enough spermicide to be effective for 24 hours after being inserted into the vagina.
Market name for medroxyprogesterone acetate, a chemical that when injected suppresses ovulation for 3 months.
A dome-shaped rubber cup with a flexible rim that fits over the cervix and thus acts as a contraceptive device by serving as a barrier to the passage of sperm into the uterus.
Dilation and curettage (D&C)
Once the standard procedure for unwanted pregnancies of 15 weeks or less, D&C procedures are now used less and less for purposes of abortion. Under general anesthesia, a woman's cervix is dilated, and the lining of the uterus is then scraped with a metal instrument called a curette. In addition to the risks associated with general anesthesia, this procedure results in more bleeding and discomfort than D&E procedures
Dilation and evacuation (D&E)
In this procedure, which does not require general anesthesia, a tube is inserted through the cervix and the fetal material is removed by suction. About 88% of all legal abortions in the United States are now performed by this method. Today, with use of a hand-held vacuum syringe, the procedure can be done 8 days after conception, and it takes only 5 minutes. D&E can be done without anesthesia in the first 4 to 6 weeks of pregnancy but requires local anesthesia and dilation of the cervix for pregnancies terminated during weeks 7 through 12. Later-stage abortions may require gentle scraping of the uterine walls in addition to suction
washing or cleaning out the inside of the vagina with water or other mixtures of fluids
Methods that prevent conception when used in the first few days after sexual intercourse.
An intravaginal pouch; a 7-inch-long bag that is held in place in the vagina by two flexible rings.
A version of the cervical cap; a barrier (or blockade) method of contraception.
Fertility awareness method
Methods of birth control that attempt to prevent conception by having a couple abstain from sexual intercourse during the woman's ovulation.
(IUD) A birth control device, usually made of plastic with either a copper or progesterone coating, that is placed in the uterus to prevent conception and implantation.
Lactational amenorrhea method
(breast-feeding) In reference to contraception, the sucking response by a baby on the mother's nipple inhibits release of follicle-stimulating hormone, thus preventing ovulation.
A cream or gel that is applied intravaginally or intrarectally before sex in order to kill, block, or inactivate bacteria and viruses that cause sexually transmitted infections.
A hormone implant with a single progestin-releasing rod that is effective for 3 years.
A flexible ring containing the same hormones as the combination birth control pill that is inserted into the vagina and is effective for 3 weeks.
A contraceptive patch (containing the same hormones as the combination birth control pill) that is applied to the skin and is effective for 1 week.
Perfect-use pregnancy rate
For a particular birth control technique, the percentage of pregnancies during the first year of use by couples who use the technique properly and consistently.
An oral contraceptive that contains only progestins.
Chemicals that kill sperm. In most products, the chemical is nonoxynol-9.
Standard Days Method
A fertility awareness method of birth control for women who typically have menstrual cycles of 26 to 32 days.
A general term for surgical techniques that render an individual infertile.
A combination of the basal body temperature and Billings fertility awareness methods.
A general term for a variety of female sterilization techniques that prevent passage of an egg through the Fallopian tubes.
Typical-use pregnancy rate
For a particular birth control technique, the percentage of pregnancies during the first year of use by all couples who use the technique, regardless of whether they use it properly or consistently.
The male sterilization technique in which the vas deferens is tied off and cut, thus preventing passage of sperm through the reproductive tract.
(coitus interruptus) Withdrawal of the man's penis from his partner's vagina before ejaculation in order to avoid conception.
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