14 terms

Scientific Method

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Terms in this set (...)

observation
using one or more of your senses to gather information
qualitative observation
using adjectives to describe something we observe
quantitative observation
using numbers to measure something we observe
inference
an explanation for an observation you have made, based on your prior knowledge and past experience
hypothesis
a possible answer to a scientific question, written as an if,then statement
independent variable
the variable that is changed on purpose, the manipulated variable
dependent variable
the variable that responds to the independent variable, the variable being measured
control group
the standard for comparison, the 'normal' group
constant (controlled variable)
the variables that remain the same throughout the experiment
controlled experiment
when all variables except one remain the same
data
facts, figures, and other evidence gathered through observations & experimentation
conclusion
the answer to your problem question, may or may not support the hypothesis
problem
the question you are trying to find the answer to
scientific method
a series of steps scientists use to solve problems and find answers to questions