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chapter 6 operant conditioning
Terms in this set (27)
Behaviorthat occurs before the aversive stimulus is presented and thereby preventsits delivery.
Reinforcers that have been deliberately arranged to modify a behavior; they are not atypical consequence of the behavior in that setting. Also called artificial reinforcers.
discriminative stimulus (SD)
A stimulus in the presence of which responses are reinforced and in the absence of which they are not reinforced; that is, a stimulus that signals the availability of reinforcement.
discriminative stimulus for extinction (SΔ)
A stimulus that signals the absence of reinforcement.
discriminative stimulus for punishment (SDp)
A stimulus that signals that a response will be punished.
A behavior that results in the termination of an aversive stimulus.
the weakening of a behavior through the nonreinforcement of a previously reinforced behavior.
The reinforcement provided by a consequence that is external to the behavior,that is, an extrinsic reinforcer.
generalized(or generalized secondary) reinforcer
A type of secondary reinforcer that has been associated with several other reinforcers. Also called a generalized secondary reinforcer.
Reinforcement provided by the mere act of performing the behavior; the performance of the behavior itself is the reinforcer.
law of effect
As stated by Thorn dike, the proposition that behaviors that lead to a satisfying state of affairs are strengthened or "stamped in," while behaviors that lead to an unsatisfying or annoying state of affairs are weakened or "stamped out."
Reinforcers that are naturally provided for a certain behavior; that is, they are atypical consequence of the behavior within that setting.
removal of a pleasant stimulus following a response, decreasing the future strength of that response
The removal of a stimulus (one that is usually considered unpleasant or aversive)following a response, which then leads to an increase in the future strength of that response.
A class of emitted responses that result in certain consequences; these consequences,in turn, affect the future probability or strength of those responses.
A type of learning in which the future probability (strength) of a behavior is affected by its consequences.
The presentation of a stimulus (one that is usually considered unpleasant or aversive) following a response, which then leads to a decrease in the future strength of that response.
The presentation of a stimulus (one that is usually considered pleasant or rewarding) following a response, which then leads to an increase in the future strength of that response.
An event that is innately reinforcing. Also called an unconditioned reinforcer.
An event that: (1) follows a behavior and (2) decreases the future probability of that behavior.
An event that: (1) follows a behavior and (2) increases the future probability of that behavior.
An event that is reinforcing because it has been associated with some other reinforcer. Also called a conditioned reinforcer.
The gradual creation of new operant behavior through reinforcement of successive approximations to that behavior.
The relationship between a discriminative stimulus, an operant behavior, and a consequence (reinforcer or punisher).
presentation of a pleasant stimulus following a response, increasing the future strength of that response
removal of an unpleasant stimulus following a response, increasing the future strength of that response
presentation of an unpleasant stimulus following a response, decreasing the future strength of that response
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