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Chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
wellness
refers to optional health and the vitality to enjoy life ; is largley determined by lifestyle choices.
diet
the food and beverages comsumed to nourish and support the body and its processes.
early childhood
the period from birth thorugh age 8.
neurous
the never cells of the brain.
epigenetics
the study of how genes are " turned on and off " by external factors such as diet, abuse, and stress.
critcal periods
unique peirod of devlopment.
ealry childhood teachers
all those who provide care and education for young childern.
context
the environment and circumstances that surround the child and affect the child's experinces.
oral health
dental, gum,and mouth health.
english language learners
those who speak a laguage other than english in their homes and who are learning english.
ethnic
group with common national, tribal, religious, linguistic , racial, or cultural origins or backgroups.
low income
refers to an amount estimated to be less than twice the federal poverty level.
food insecurity
not having enough food all times to maintain an active life; worrying that there may not be enough money to obtain sufficients food.
overwieght
an excess of body fat that may lead to obesity ; measured by a body mass index score in the 85th to 95th percentile.
obese
a medical condition related to the excess accumulation of body fat that may have an adverse affect on health , measured by a body mass index score that is higher than the 95th percentile.
medical home
place where a child obtains preventive health care, sick health care , immunizations and coordination of medical care needs.
disparities in health care
refers to that some individuals or groups of childern are disproportionatrly at risk for disease and do not have adequate access to health care.
early childhood
the period from birth through age 8.
evidence- based practices
interventions and strategies that have been evaluated through research and established as credible and significant toward reaching a desired goal , such as improving a particular skill, promoting knowledge, or achieving a specific quality standard.
dispositions
the values , beliefs, and attiuides of the teacher that are put into action to promote positive outcomes in children.