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Cell and Tissue Function
Essentials of Pathophysiology Ch 1
Terms in this set (14)
The smallest functional unit that an organism can be divided into and retain the characteristics necessary for life
Cells with similar embryonic origin or function that are organized into larger functional units
Cells with a true nucleus
Three major components of the Eukaryotic cells:
1. The Plasma Membrane
2. The Nucleus
3. The Cytoplasm
The living part of the cell that is composed of water, protein, lipids, carbohydrates, and electrolytes.
Two distinct regions of Protoplasm
1. The Cytoplasm
2. The Nucleoplasm
The main component of the cytoplasm. It is a grayish, gel-like liquid containing the nucleus, organelles, and cytoskeleton.
Maintains the shapes of cells and their ability to move
The control center for the cell that contains most of the hereditary material
Where are organelles found?
Supplies the energy needed of the cell
Synthesize proteins and other materials needed for cell function
These function as the cell's digestive system
Lysosomes and Proteosomes
Encloses the cell and provides for intracellular and intercellular communication, transport of materials into and out of the cell, and maintenance of the electrical activities that power cell function
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