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Terms in this set (16)
McCulloch v. Maryland
Can the National government create a bank? YES
Can Maryland tax it? NO
It favors the National government, because they sited the "Necessary and Proper Clause/Elastic Clause/Implied Powers".
Gibbons v. Ogden
Can Congress regulate certain aspects of Commerce? YES
Do States have the power to regulate interstate commerce? NO
The Supreme Court of the United States holds that the power to regulate interstate commerce, granted to Congress by the Commerce Clause of the United States Constitution, encompassed the power to regulate navigation.
United States v. Lopez
Is the Gun Free School Zones Act an unconstitutional exercise of Congress's power? YES
Supreme Court ruled that the federal Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990 was unconstitutional because the U.S. Congress, in enacting it, had exceeded its authority under the Commerce Clause.
Dred Scott v. Sandford
Definition of citizenship? Can an African American be a citizen? NO
Is Dred legally free because he lives in a territory where slavery was banned? NO.
The Supreme Court ruled that no African American could be a citizen and that Dred Scott was still a slave. Allows the states to determine slave vs. not slave.
Gitlow v. New York
Does the First Amendment prevent a state from punishing political speed that directly advocates the government's violent overthrow?
The court held that the First Amendment was applicable to state governments through the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Civil Rights Act of 1964
Does the Constitution's prohibition of denying equal protection always ban the use of racial, ethnic, or gender criteria in an attempt to bring social justice and social benefits?
The movement helped spawn a national crisis that forced intervention by the federal government to overturn segregation laws in southern states, restore voting rights for African-Americans, and end legal discrimination in housing, education, and employment and the 14th/15th amendment.
Welfare Reform Act of 1996
The purpose of the program was to assist needy families, fight welfare dependency by promoting work and marriage, reduce non-marital births, and encourage the formation and maintenance of two-parent families.
It replaced the Aid to Families with Dependent Children program with block grants to the states. It gave states greater discretion tto determine how to implement the federal goal of transferring people from welfare to work.
Every Student Succeeds Act
The main purpose of ESSA is to make sure public schools provide a quality education for all kids.
ESSA gives states more of a say in how schools account for student achievement. The states also get a bigger say in how to deal with disadvantaged students.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, transportation, and public accommodations.
It is a civil rights act, and applies to the U.S Congress.
Controlled Substances Act
A drug policy that regulates the possession, use, manufacture, and distribution of certain substances under the federal law.
It is enforced by the DEA, which is a federal agency. It also only applies to substances regulated under the federal law.
A program that helps with healthcare costs for people with limited income and resources.
It is originally funded by states, before the federal government matches that money. Not all states are required to expand medicaid.
Clean Air Act
Protects Americans from pollution related healthy problems through regulating the sources of all air emissions in companies.
It is considered a federal law and requires all states to follow regulations, no matter the states laws. It is also enforced by EPA, a federal agency.
Money granted by the federal government to the state/local government and intended to help states improve their overall well being of their residents.
More control and discretion on how money is to be spent.
A provision or regulation or any federal court ruling that imposes an enforceable duty upon state/local government including a condition of federal assistance.
The National government tells that States that they have to buy something but won't get them any money to do (they have to use their own money).
A grant from the federal government that a state/local government can allocate to a wide range of services.
Assists them in addressing broad purposes like public health, social service, law enforcement, etc.
Rights are guaranteed to the states.
Inclusion of the bill of rights does not change fundamental character of the national government. Anything we didn't mention, the people have got it.
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