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Short story

a brief narrative; includes tales, fables, parables, and anectotes.


an introductory statement or essay at book's beginning in which author introduces work to the reader, provides information needed to understand book's purpose, and makes acknowledgments.


concluding section that completes the purpose of a story.


time and place in which story takes place


describing characters with very details.

Static character

character who does not learn or grow or develop by story's end

Dynamic Character

character who learns and grows and develops by story's end

flat character

lesser character about whom little information is given (not well-developed)

round character

character about whom much information,such a thoughts,feelings, and action is given (developed)


goes against main character


main character

minor character

lesser character who also develops the main character by showing what minor character thinks, feels, and says about the major characters


the one(author or first-person character) who gives the account of the story


the feeling/emotions


the attitude of the writer toward his subject (writer-based)


the writer of the story, essay, novella, novel, etc.


difference between what appears to be true and what really is


point of greatest intensity or interest in story; the turning point, where character decides his final actions and influences the eventual outcome


the problem which must be solved by the protagonist: man vs. man / man vs. society / man vs. nature / man vs. himself / man vs. supernatural

point of view

vantage point from which the story is told: first person, third person, third person omniscient


the central idea or moral or lesson of the story; what the reader discovers by the story's end, which provides him/her with deeper insights about life, people and him/herself


present action in interrupted to show past events


hints of what is to come later in the story; clues which lead the reader logically from one event to subsequent events


sequence of events which occur in the story; what happens


a secondary situtation and conflict less important than the main plot of the story


an object or action which represents something greater than itself; expressed in the form of object to idea


giving human qualities / attributes to inanimate objects or animals or ideas, as if they can think or speak or act


the phase in the story in which characters are introduce, setting is established, and background information is given

rising action

the phase in the story in which the conflict is introduced

falling action

the point in the story in which the problem has begun to work itself out


the phase in the story in which the problem is solved

first person pov

the narrator is a character from the story that can tell what they see, hear, think, and feel

3rd-person limited

the narrator is an outsider who is limited to reporting the thoughts and feelings of one character

3rd person objective

the narrator is an outsiders from the story who can only tell you what they see and hear(not the thoughts or feelings of any character


the narrator is ALL-KNOWING


using "like or "as" to compare two unalike things.


using "is or "was" to compare two unalike things


when an author exaggerates to get a point across

5 types of conflict

person vs person. person vs nature
person vs self person vs fate/god
person vs society

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