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Short story

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Short story
a brief narrative; includes tales, fables, parables, and anectotes.
preface
an introductory statement or essay at book's beginning in which author introduces work to the reader, provides information needed to understand book's purpose, and makes acknowledgments.
epilogue
concluding section that completes the purpose of a story.
Setting
time and place in which story takes place
Characterization
describing characters with very details.
Static character
character who does not learn or grow or develop by story's end
Dynamic Character
character who learns and grows and develops by story's end
flat character
lesser character about whom little information is given (not well-developed)
round character
character about whom much information,such a thoughts,feelings, and action is given (developed)
antagonist
goes against main character
protagonist
main character
minor character
lesser character who also develops the main character by showing what minor character thinks, feels, and says about the major characters
narrator
the one(author or first-person character) who gives the account of the story
mood
the feeling/emotions
tone
the attitude of the writer toward his subject (writer-based)
author
the writer of the story, essay, novella, novel, etc.
irony
difference between what appears to be true and what really is
climax
point of greatest intensity or interest in story; the turning point, where character decides his final actions and influences the eventual outcome
conflict
the problem which must be solved by the protagonist: man vs. man / man vs. society / man vs. nature / man vs. himself / man vs. supernatural
point of view
vantage point from which the story is told: first person, third person, third person omniscient
theme
the central idea or moral or lesson of the story; what the reader discovers by the story's end, which provides him/her with deeper insights about life, people and him/herself
flashback
present action in interrupted to show past events
foreshadowing
hints of what is to come later in the story; clues which lead the reader logically from one event to subsequent events
plot
sequence of events which occur in the story; what happens
subplot
a secondary situtation and conflict less important than the main plot of the story
symbolism
an object or action which represents something greater than itself; expressed in the form of object to idea
personification
giving human qualities / attributes to inanimate objects or animals or ideas, as if they can think or speak or act
exposition
the phase in the story in which characters are introduce, setting is established, and background information is given
rising action
the phase in the story in which the conflict is introduced
falling action
the point in the story in which the problem has begun to work itself out
resolution
the phase in the story in which the problem is solved
first person pov
the narrator is a character from the story that can tell what they see, hear, think, and feel
3rd-person limited
the narrator is an outsider who is limited to reporting the thoughts and feelings of one character
3rd person objective
the narrator is an outsiders from the story who can only tell you what they see and hear(not the thoughts or feelings of any character
omnicient
the narrator is ALL-KNOWING
simile
using "like or "as" to compare two unalike things.
metaphor
using "is or "was" to compare two unalike things
hyperbole
when an author exaggerates to get a point across
5 types of conflict
person vs person. person vs nature
person vs self person vs fate/god
person vs society