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Nutrition Test 2
Terms in this set (83)
The storage form of energy in plants
Storage form of energy in the body
What results in lactose intolerance?
inadequate lactase enzyme
Where is soluble fiber fermented?
all lipids contain a middle chain of carbons & hydrogens with a _____ group on one end and a _____ group on the other end
A normal blood glucose ranges from?
The 3 main structural differences of fatty acids are
length of chain, saturation, location of double bond
How many fatty acids do triglycerides contain?
The loss of shape of proteins due to heat, agitation, acid
Most fat digestion occurs in the small intestine with the help of what lipase?
Pancreatic and Intestinal;
What is the RDA for protein in adults
0.8g/kg of body weight
What bonds are amino acids linked by?
Most of glycogen is formed in
What spoils more quickly- saturated fats or polyunsaturated fats?
How many grams of lactose can lactose intolerant people handle?
Firmness of a fat or oil is determined by what?
the degree of unsaturation
What percentage of our daily intake should come from sugar?
Excess amino acids are stored
Level of saturation relates to the number of what?
Are phospholipids soluble or insoluble in water?
High density lipoproteins are composed of
phospholipids, cholesterol, and proteins
Protein is continuously ?
being broken down and remade in the body
Spherical complex formed by monoglycerides and long chain fatty acids
Type of diabetes that results from inadequate pancreatic production of insulin; commonly referred to as "childhood" diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
type of fat that is solid at room temperature
The type of diabetes characterized by insulin resistance and obesity
Type of fat that is liquid at room temperature
What acts as an emulsifier so enzymes may act on fat?
What are the building blocks of protein?
What uncoils protein in the stomach?
What is protein that contains all 9 essential amino acids?
High quality protein
BMI for underweight
Normal or healthy weight BMI
BMI for overweight
What are. the three components of total energy expenditure?
resting metabolism, physical activity, thermic effect of food
The addition of water to split the bond between disaccharides is an example of what type of reaction?
Fuel source during a fed state
The liver can metabolize __ drinks per hour
The process prolongs shelf life of food products by preventing oxidation
Reaction characterized by building or putting together of molecules
Alcohol suppresses the production of this hormone
Fuel source during starvation
Waist circumference greater than __ inches in men is associated with a greater risk of chronic disease
Waist circumference greater than __ inches in women is associated with a greater risk of chronic disease
What is the function of protein?
build and repair tissues
How are proteins different from carbs and fats>?
they contain nitrogen
Which fatty acid do we get too little of?
Linolenic Omega 3
Which fatty acid do we get too much of?
omega 6 linoleic
What are the two essential fatty acids?
linoleic acid and linolenic acid
Where does most digestion and absorption for any macronutrient occur?
Term in ingredient label to identify if product has trans fat
Calculating protein intake should be based on what?
RDA (0.8 grams/kilogram of body weight for adults)
AMDR for protein
10-35% of calories
AMDR for carbs
45-65% of total calories
AMDR for fats
20-35% of total calories
Monosaccharide Energy source for all of our cells
For a 24 hour period, where is glycogen stored?
liver and muscles
Two hormones that help regulate blood sugar
insulin and glucagon
What does insulin do?
push glucose into cell
When we haven't eaten in a while our blood sugar gets low we need to utilize stored glycogen
What food groups are a good source for carbs?
grains, fruit, dairy, vegetables
Which food groups are a good source for proteins?
Meat and dairy
Which food groups are a good source for lipids?
Difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes
Type 1- The pancreas does not produce any insulin.
Type 2- Resistance or no response to insulin produces.
making new glucose
What can our body not digest?
Carbohydrate digest begins in the body in
Someone is consuming 1600 total calories and they are consuming 30 grams of fat would they be meeting the recommendation of fat based on the macronutrient range? -
30 g fat x 9 kcal/g = 270 kcal
Not meeting it
Fiber intake for women
25 grams a day
fiber intake for men
What are lipids
-carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
-are characterized by the insolubility of water
What are fatty acids
chains of carbon atoms bonded to hydrogen atoms
Sugars and sweeteners in ingredient label
syrups, molasses, glucose, honey, turbinado
Most abundant lipid
What does a high quality protein mean
contains all the amino acids that our body cant synthesize
How do we store proteins and amino acids in body?-
there is no storage compartment
How do we store carbohydrates?
How do we store fats?
What happens to Acetyl CoA if someone is in feasting mode?
acetyl CoA turned back into body fat
3 main types of treatmernt for obesity and weight management
Surgery, pharmacotherapy, lifestyle modification (physical activity and diet)
If you had to say what area of country has highest rate of obesity, what area of country would u say
South or south east
Why do women get drunker faster?
They have half of the dehydrogenase enzyme than men
Where is most of glycogen stored?
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Nutrition Test 3