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34 terms

Intro Unit of Geography

STUDY
PLAY
human geography
the study of humans and the ways they live, the things they value and believe, and how they affect and are affected by the environment.
physical geography
the study of all the things in the natural environment and how they affect humans and are affected by human beings.
culture
the shared values, beliefs, and ways of society. Gives roles to individuals, helps create one's identity and creates relationships within groups
cultural traits
the individual characteristics of a culture.
change
happens slowly; traits are always being added.
innovation
new ideas and ways to do things that are accepted
diffusion
when a trait spreads through a society and to another
domestication
plants and animals grown for use by humans
subsistence farming
growing only enough to feed yourself and family; poverty
commercial farming
growing food for the purpose of selling it
racism
hatred or dislike simply towards another person's race
Prejudice
(mental action) base opinions of an individual because of a group to which he or she belongs. Also based on real or imagined differences between groups. Usually benefits the dominant group at the expense of minorities.
stereotype
(opinion) Judgment about an individual based on the real or imagined characteristics of a group. Prejudices put people in these.
discrimination
(Action) occurs when Prejudices are translated into actions.
Geography
the relationship between the earth and people
maps
created and advanced with more exploration and travel. Began with greeks documenting trade routes to pass on to other people
simple maps
resources
Thales
the first greek person to measure distances on these documents (maps) and is known as the Father of Map Making.
cartography
the study of maps
cartographers
map makers
map projection
different ways of presenting a round earth on a flat surface
interrupted
accurate shapes and sizes, but bad for navigation and distances
mercator
accurate shapes and good for navigation, but distorts sizes in extreme latitudes
gall-peters
accurate sizes, but shapes are distorted
robinson
correct sizes and shapes but distorts edges
directional indicators
tells which ways N, S, E, W are
compass rose
a diagram of arrows that point to all four principle directions
Scale
represents distance between 2 points on a map
legend/key
explains what symbols mean
inset map
used to show a small portion of a larger map
grid
pattern of lines that circle the earth in east and west and north and south directions
grid system
lines of longitude and latitude measured in degrees
coordinates
the name of the absolute location of a place using latitude and longitude
hemisphere
half a sphere. Splits N/S at the Equator:
Northern hemisphere
Southern hemisphere
Splits E/W at the Prime Meridian called the International Date Line
Eastern Hemisphere
Western Hemisphere