5 Written questions
5 Multiple choice questions
- -Social divisions: grouped by money, religion, social differences
1)large landholders, royalty, priests
2)Farmers, artisans, workmen
- crop shifting
- Before people were hunter-gatherers, they were nomadic and constantly on the move looking for food. However, once humans began domesticating crops, they were able to form communities. An advantage of this was the ability to grow larger families now that there was more food. The communities were also much more stable. However, being that they relied heavily on the crops, when crops failed there was famine. With more people, there were also more conflicts.
5 True/False questions
Describe the process by which the main framework of civilization was created in Mesopotamia. → Mesopotamia, "the land between two rivers", depended on the annual flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to make the land fertile. On the fertile land they grew crops, that way the people who were once foragers could now set up a civilization and domesticate plants.
What are the indicators of a civilization? → -cities that served as administrative centers
-political system based on control of defined territory rather than on kinship connections
-significant number of people engaged in specialized, non-food-producing activities
-status distinctions usually linked to the accumulation of substantial wealth by some groups
-system for keeping permanent records
-major advances in science/arts
Compare the civilization in the Indus Valley with the civilizations in Mesopotamia and Egypt. → Mesopotamia, "the land between two rivers", depended on the annual flooding of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to make the land fertile. On the fertile land they grew crops, that way the people who were once foragers could now set up a civilization and domesticate plants.
In the third millennium BCE, the ruler of Sumer was → Lugal
Explain how the first Egyptian civilization was shaped by its natural environment. → -Believed pharaohs were seen as Gods
-Polytheistic: believed in many Gods. Drawn with animal heads
-Believed the afterlife was a journey
-Prepared the tomb and body for the afterlife