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the view that knowledge that comes from experience via the senses and science flourishes through observation and experiment
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy
Plato and Socrates
these people concluded that mind is separable from body and continues after the body dies, and that knowledge is innate (built within us)
was different from his teachers because he believed that knowledge came from careful observation; said knowledge is NOT preexisting
came up with the theory that knowledge is not preexisting; it grows from the experiences stored in our memories
agreed with Socrates and Plato; he conjectured how the physical body and the brain communicate
believed that human understanding easily supposes a greater degree of order and equality in things than it really finds
believed in studying the evolved functions of our thoughts and feelings; developed functionalism
female student of James, she was refused a Harvard degree; pioneer in memory research and American Psychological Association President
a leading "behaviorist". he rejected introspection and studied how consequences shape behavior
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