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AP Psych Chapter 1
the view that knowledge that comes from experience via the senses and science flourishes through observation and experiment
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
the science of behavior and mental processes
the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors
how the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences
how the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes
how much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences
how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
how we learn observable responses
how we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
how behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems
a branch of psychology that studies, assesses, and treats people with psychological disorders
a branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders; practiced by physicians who sometimes provide medical treatments as well as psychological therapy
a study method incorporating five steps: Study, Question, Read, Rehearse, Review
Plato and Socrates
these people concluded that mind is separable from body and continues after the body dies, and that knowledge is innate (built within us)
was different from his teachers because he believed that knowledge came from careful observation; said knowledge is NOT preexisting
came up with the theory that knowledge is not preexisting; it grows from the experiences stored in our memories
established the first psychology laboratory
agreed with Socrates and Plato; he conjectured how the physical body and the brain communicate
believed that human understanding easily supposes a greater degree of order and equality in things than it really finds
argued that the mind at birth is a blank slate on which experience writes
conducted psychology's first experiment
developed the idea of structuralism
believed in studying the evolved functions of our thoughts and feelings; developed functionalism
female student of James, she was refused a Harvard degree; pioneer in memory research and American Psychological Association President
first woman to receive a psychology Ph.D.
demonstrated conditional responses on "little Albert"
a leading "behaviorist". he rejected introspection and studied how consequences shape behavior
pioneered the study of learning
controversial personality theorist
defined psychology as "the science of observable behavior"