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37 terms

Music Definitions Chap 1 - 5

Music Definitions
STUDY
PLAY
Duple meter
2 beats to each measure, basic metrical pattern of two beats to a measure
Acoustics
The science of sound
Major Mode
associated with a more cheerful and bright sound
Minor Mode
associated with a more somber and dark sound.
Pitch
Position of sound, high or low sound
Rhythm
ordering of music through time, the beat or rhythm of a song
Meter
Rhythmical pattern or temporal ordering
Triple meter
3 beats per measure, strong beat and two weak beats
Measure
Rhythmic unit
Melody
Musical sounds in agreeable succession or arrangement.
Note
smallest unit of music
Phrases
point of breathing during a line of a song
Cadence
Signals the close of a musical section; the end of a larger phrase
Conjunct motion
Melody moves note by note
Disjunct motion
Melody moves by jumps
Scale
Notes that move stepwise as in do re mi fa ...
Octave
Eight notes in scale
Interval
Distance between each note
Timbre
n. The quality of a tone, as distinguished from intensity and pitch.
Dynamics
Degrees of loudness or softness in music; volume
pianissimo
pp
piano
p
mezzo piano
mp
mezzo forte
mf
forte
f
fortissimo
ff
forms of music
Repition, Variation, Contrast
Genre
kind; sort; category
Harmony
collection of pitches as they sound simultaneously, or when pitches are in agreement
Chord
a combination of three or more notes that blend harmoniously when sounded together
Texture
Thickness of thinness of voice(s), on voice vs. many
Monophonic
Harmonic texture that is just a melody with no underlying accompaniment (Voices only)
Unison
Many singing monophonic, sounding together, agreement or accord
Homophonic
Having a single melodic line with accompaniment
Polyphonic
Many voices at different times, multiply melodies at one time as in row row row your boat
Syllabic
one note per syllable
Melismatic
many notes per syllable