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Earth's outermost and thinnest layer

continental and oceanic crust

2 types of crust


rock that makes up oceanic crust


rock that makes up continental crust

continental rise

beginning of the oceanic crust


layer that makes up most of Earth's material

convection currents

________________ flow in the mantle.


center of Earth


material that makes up most of Earth's core

magnetic field

Currents in the outer core make Earth's _______________.

liquid and solid.

The outer core is ______and the inner core is _______.


instrument that records earthquake waves


top part of the mantle and the crust


type of crust that lies beneath most of the ocean floor


type of crust that makes up all the land of the continents

Studying mantle material that is pushed up through cracks in the Earth's crust, measuring vibrations from earthquakes , and laboratory experiments

3 ways that scientists learn about Earth's layers

three layers of the Earth

core, mantle and crust

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