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English Final Terms Sultzbach
Terms in this set (30)
This term is used when an inanimate object, non-human animal or abstract concept is spoken of as though it were endowed with human attributes or feelings.
A paradox is a statement which seems on its face to be logically contradictory or absurd, yet turns out to be interpretable in a way that makes sense.
A single stanza poem of fourteen lines that is traditionally used as a theme of love.
A long lyric poem that is serious in subject and treatment, elevated in style, and elaborate in its stanza structure. Romantic poets perfected the personal ode of description and passionate meditation, which is stimulated by an aspect of the outer scene and turns on the attempt to solve either a personal emotional problem or a universal human one.
This term is generally used when a prominent or repeated aspect of the setting, characterization, or imagery within a work suggests an abstract meaning to the reader in addition to its literal significance
The theme expresses the meaning or message of a poem or story.
•A poem written by an urban or upper-class speaker who travels to the countryside in a movement of retreat & return
•It often idealizes or is nostalgic for an agrarian or rural lifestyle, focusing on love, & leisure
•These kinds of works often erase the REAL labor, hardship, pain or inequity involved with rural life
Landscapes of great height or depth (mountains & ravines) or involving tremendous weather (storms, hurricanes) inspire awe-filled horror and terror, a fear that stimulates a necessary awareness of the limits of the human mind and human power.
This term is usually used to describe poetry and means that there are a group of words or images within a poem that refer to another context (such as money, nature, etc.) in order to suggest another layer of meaning. (See handout on Strategies for Reading a Poem for class examples.)
A simile is a comparison created by using "like" or "as". When you identify a simile, ask yourself why that comparison makes sense.
Historical (Biographical) Criticism
This mode of determining what a text means became popular in the 19th century. This school believed there was only one meaning to a text and that was the meaning intended by the author. It relies primarily on biographical research of the poet or author to infer the meaning of a poem or novel.
detailed consideration of only the text itself as an independent entity. Meaning is determined by the interactions of words, symbols, and figures of speech.
New Historical or Cultural Criticism
historical and cultural conditions of a text's production to determine meanings, critical interpretations, and evaluations of the work.
the dialogue— from what they do—the action—and from the way the author and/or other characters describe them.
1) set the mood or tone for the events that follow, 2) shape the thoughts and motivations of the characters, and 3) give clues to the story's theme
An allegory is a narrative, whether in prose or poetry, in which the agents and actions are contrived by the author to make coherent sense on the literal level of signification, and at the same time to suggest a second, correlated story. Political and religious allegories are the most common form of allegory.
In the most common use, onomatopoeia designates a word or combination of words, whose sound seems to resemble closely the sound it denotes: "hiss," "buzz," "rattle," "bang."
In a metaphor, a word or expression that in literal usage denotes one kind of thing is applied to a distinctly different kind of thing, without using "like" or "as." Whereas symbolic language usually applies to a broader use of an image or idea throughout a text or chapter, a metaphor refers more specifically to a particular passage that identifies both the metaphorical term and the subject to which it is applied. The subject ("my love" in the example below) is called the TENOR and the metaphorical term used to figuratively represent the subject is called the VEHICLE ("red rose" in the example below).Example: My love is a red rose.
A metaphor is implicit when the tenor is not directly specified, but implied.
Example: If one were to say, while discussing someone's death, "That reed was too frail to survive the storm of its sorrows," the word "reed" would be the vehicle for an implicit tenor, a human being, while "storm" is the vehicle for a specified tenor, "sorrows."
Name the 3 Reader Response theories
There are three different versions of Reader-Response theory:
(1) Completely Unique: Every new person and new reading creates a completely unique meaning every time (not very helpful)
(2) Identity Theme: A few different interpretations are possible and which interpretation you find will depend on your "identity-theme" as a reader (woman, man, conservative, liberal, young, old, etc.)
(3) Implied Reader: The text is designed to produce a series of revelations for an implied reader who "gets" how the twists and turns are supposed to make them re-evaluate their own positions as readers or to teach them something new about themselves by the end of the work. We all have a similar journey of emotions to arrive at a similar experience.
Reader Response Theory
This way of interpreting what a text means considers the text not as an object in itself, or something that documents the intent of the author, or even the cultural circumstances of the time it was written; instead, it views the text as an event that happens between a reader and the text during the process of reading.
Alliteration is the repetition of a speech sound in a sequence of nearby words. Usually alliteration is applied only to consonants.
Assonance is the repetition of identical or similar vowels, in a sequence of nearby words.
Name some of the main characteristics of modernist literature (Class List)
An emphasis on harsh reality reality rather than sugar-coating things: "Disabled" "Picture Show" "The Garden Party"
Focus on an inner struggle to figure out indiv. Identity: "Garden Party" "Araby" "Strange Meeting"
Emphasis on isolation and alienation; not fitting social norms: "Love Song of..." Modern Times
The sense of confusion and lack of understanding: "The Garden Party" "The Mark on the Wall"
Interest in getting inside the mind and the experience of how our thoughts are fragmented and random: "Mark on the Wall" "Love Song..."
The desire to be different from Victorians and embrace/fear change: "The Machine Stops" "The Mark on the Wall"
Feeling of depression and longing: "Love Song..." "Araby"
Struggle between moral choices (class, war): "Garden Party" war poems
Stream of Consciousness
Mode of narration that undertakes to reproduce the full spectrum and continuous flow of characters mental process, in which sense perceptions mingle with conscious and half conscious thought memories expectations feelings and random associations
Characteristics of Romanticism
1.) Revolutionary Spirit of Age
2.) Creative capacity of the poet. (Poet as the creator)
3.) Romantic Nature (Nature as the canvas of the poets mind)
4.) Supernatural and strangeness of beauty
Characteristics of the Victorian age
1.) Earnestness (sincere, honest, serious)
2.) Moral Responsibility
3.) Proper roles in society
3 Characteristics of post modernism and colonialism literature are
1.)Stories often attempt to challenge, undermine, or subvert mainstream or western cultural assumptions both formally and thematically
2.)The notion of a stable individual identity is rejected; instead, the boundaries of individual identities become porous and uncertain
3) Meaning is created through a "play of language" that is suggestive rather than concrete, often creating a "collage" of reoccurring images that don't often have fixed meanings.
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