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Homestead Act

for a small fee settlers could get 160 acres of land if lived there 6 months

Indian Removal Act

moved 10,000 Indians off their homeland to Oklahoma

Great American Desert

grass lands from Mississippi River to Rocky Mts.

Pacific Railway Act

Railways given public land which they sold to arriving settlers at a profit

Ghost Dance

ritual, Wokoka, a shaman, prayed for return to glory days - danced in a circle

Buffalo Soldier

African American Union soldier

Sand Creek

Colorado site where Chivington massacred 150-500 Cheyene mostly women & children

Little Big Horn

Custer's Last Stand - Sioux in Montana (Crazy Horse, Sitting Bull) outnumbered, killed Americans


US commander in Wyoming massacred Sioux led by Red Cloud

Wounded Knee

officers tried to arrest Sitting Bull Pine Ridge South Dakota - last major violence Indian war

Dawes Act

abolished Indian tribes, established reservations, taught farming

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