coach rosolino world history unit 1 vocab
Terms in this set (47)
late roman empire
in 293 CE when Diocletian divided the empire. greek speaking east. latin speaking west.
the diocletian persecution
in an attempt to unify the people, diocletian began persecuting christians. he burned their bibles.
9272-337 CE. moved the capital from rome to byzantium in the east, renamed constantinople, now istanbul. in 312 first to embrace christianity.saw a vision.
fall of rome: causes
1. political disorder
2.the division of the empire
3.no innovation, no movement up the social ladder, massive illiteracy and slavery
4.lead poisoning, plagues
5.no pop. growth, lots of taxes
8. pagan gods revenge
once (western)rome fell, europe went into dark ages. overrun by germanic tribes (also visigoths huns and vandals) time of violence, disunity, no trade, no currency, no education, no technology, no security.
after western rome fell, the B.E. continued. capital is constantinople, near bosporus and dardanelles straits. greatest ruler was Justinian.
greatest ruler of byzantine empire. mass murdering conquerer.
bosporus and dardanelles straits
divided the roman empire
capital of the eastern roman empire.
was once called constantinople, the capital of the eastern roman empire
council of nicea
formed in 325 CE.council of christian bishops, wanted to unify christians. turned christiany to a persecuted faith to the official faith of the empire.decided whether or not jesus was fully divine. arius.
emperor who discriminated against nonchristians. all civil service workers must be baptized. had pagan things destroyed.
library of alexandria
The greatest collection of writings in the ancient world, founded in the third century B.C. at the behest of Alexander the Great; could be considered the first university. theodosius had it destroyed
Bishop of Hippo in Africa; champion of Christian doctrine against carious heresies and very important in the long-term development of Christian thought
just war theory
acceptable Catholic teaching; can kill if it is the only way to save an innocent life; can't kill for revenge, punishment, property, etc.;
franks became an organized and powerful kingdom. began feudalism in europe. (important ruler was charlemagne) once called germanic barbarians. most converted to christianity. pepin the short famous king. gave land to pope, called papal states. now vatican city. charles the hammer martel defeated muslims at battle of tours.
A local church community
also called diocese; a group of parishes headed by a bishop --- his area of authority is called this
A church district controlled by a bishop
A way of living, often out of religious motivation, that is marked by self-denial, self-discipline, and austerity.denying all earthy comforts.
Religious recluses that go off by themselves to avoid temptations. extreme loners. lived in total isolation.
simeon the stylite
Aesthetic monk that lived on a pillar for 30 years. 5th century. lived in aleppo syria. christus victor.
rule of st. benedict
book of precepts written by St. Benedict of Nursia for monks living communally under the authority of an abbot. 6th century. wanted to make monastic life less extreme than hermits and more communal. strict restrictions on food, sleep, drink, celibacy.
Head of a monastery
A place where communities of monks live lives of devotion to God in isolation from the outside world
Woman who withdraws from the world to avoid the temptations in order to live a Christian life.
where nuns live
eastern orthodox christianity
Eastern branch of Christianity that evolved following the division of the Roman Empire and the subsequent development of the Byzantine Empire in the east and the medieval European society in the west. The church recognized the primacy of the patriarch of Constantinople. spoke greek. no pope.
1054 CE. the roman catholic church and the eastern orthodox byzantine churches officially parted ways. the pope of the roman catholic church and the Patriarch (head bishop) of the eastern orthodox church excommunicated each other.
-differences in in language and culture. the west (europe) spoke latin and was organized in small kingdoms, called feudalism.
-differences about whether or not to use unloved bread (bread without yeast) when celebrating communion.
-differences about the role of the holy spirit in the trinity.
A group of territories in central Italy ruled by the popes from 754 until 1870. They were originally given to the papacy by Pepin the Short. The last papal state,the Vatican City,was formally established as a separate state.
A tiny country surrounded by Rome that is the head-quarters of the Roman Catholic church. The pope lives and works here.
charles "the hammer" martel
Consolidated the power of the Carolingian family, sowed the seeds of Feudalism by granting land in return for military protection, defeated a superior Muslim force in Tours (732 A.D.) father of pepin the short.
battle of tours
(732 A.D.) Battle against the Moors, Muslims in north Africa who had invaded and settled into Spain, won by Charles Martel. if not victorious, europe may have been all muslim
"Charles the Great" leader of the Franks (France); unified most of the Christian lands of Europe with the help of Pope Leo III who crowned him "Holy Roman Emperor" 800 c.e. ruled from 768 CE-814 CE. forced saxons to be baptized christians or threatened execution.
holy roman empire
An empire established in Europe in the 10th century A.D., originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany and Italy
800 CE. marked a new era in western history. legend says on christmas day pope leo III placed a crown on charlemagne. pope declared him to be Holy Roman Emperor.
A period during the early Middle Ages characterized by a renewed interest in classical things. The name of the movement comes from the Carolingian dynasty in general, and from Charlemagne in particular.
place where monks and nuns made copies of the Bible and other documents by hand.
like the huns, a western asian people who moved into central Europe in the 9th century. they settled in hungary. caused trouble for europeans.
norsemen. most significant invaders. a germanic warrior people from scandinavia. vikings loved adventure and conquest. in 9th century began terrorizing small towns.best navy in the world at the time. long, narrow, well built ships. spread throughout europe and iceland, greenland, canada and asia. famous family named erikssons.
a family of vikings who explored iceland, greenland, and north america. erik the red settled greenland. brother leif eriksson explored new england. thorvald eriksson led vikings against innu (canadian natives)
A region in northern France. Vikings were permitted to live here and helped conquer England later.
a new political system and social order in europe, lasting from around 800 CE to 1500 CE. was a necessity, provided much needed security in the violent dark ages.
men who served lords in a military capacity. obligated to swerve about 40 days a year military service to their lords.in return lords gave them land to live on, protection. relationship based on honor loyalty
8th century, emerged. heavily armored vassals. rode large horses and used stirrups. wielded long lances, used a battering rams. for about 700 yrs. warfare dominated by knights. eventually became wealthy and respected aristocrats. was expensive, required lots of training, equipment etc.
by the 9th century, the granting of land to a vassal by a lord. eventually, vassals who had large fiefs became almost like lords.
pepin the short
famous frankish king. tried to strengthen and unify franks under one kingdom. conquered new lands in italy. gave some of land to pope. became papal states. now known as vatican city.father was charles "the hammer" martel. son is charlemagne.