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organization set up to make and enforce rules for a society


one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority


a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group


the way something is with respect to its main attributes


government free from external control


the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs


political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution

Divine rights of Kings

the theory that god appointed all monarchs to rule on his behalf

Socal Contract Theory

States that the first goverments formed as a result of people agreeing among themselves to summit to the authority of a state


an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority


a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)


a political system governed by a few people

Direct Democracy

A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives


a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

Unitary System

a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government

Federal System

a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments

Confederal System

A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.

Presidential System

a system of government in which the legislative and executive branches operate independently of each other

Parliamentary System

A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president.

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