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19 terms

Chapter 1 & 2

Vocab
STUDY
PLAY
Goverment
organization set up to make and enforce rules for a society
Power
one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority
Policy
a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
State
the way something is with respect to its main attributes
Sovereignty
government free from external control
politics
the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs
Legitimacy
political authority conferred by law or by a state or national constitution
Divine rights of Kings
the theory that god appointed all monarchs to rule on his behalf
Socal Contract Theory
States that the first goverments formed as a result of people agreeing among themselves to summit to the authority of a state
Monarchy
an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority
Dictatorship
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
Direct Democracy
A form of government in which citizens rule directly and not through representatives
Republic
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Unitary System
a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
Federal System
a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
Confederal System
A system consisting of a league of independent states, each having essentially sovereign powers. The central government created by such a league has only limited powers over the states.
Presidential System
a system of government in which the legislative and executive branches operate independently of each other
Parliamentary System
A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president.