French aristocrat who wanted to limit royal absolutism; Wrote The Spirit of Laws, urging that power be separated between executive, legislative, and judicial branches, each balancing out the others, thus preventing despotism and preserving freedom. This greatly influenced writers of the US Constitution. He greatly admired British form of government.
French Philosopher, Separation of powers, Popularized the term Feudalism
(1689-1755) Enlightenment thinker from France who wrote a book called, The Spirit of the Laws in 1748. In his book, Montesquieu describes what he considers to be the best government. He states that government should divide itself according to its powers, creating a Judicial, Legislative, and Executive branch. Montesquieu explained that under this system each branch would Check and Balance the others, which would help protect the people's liberty.
national rights, Massachusetts Attorney, taxation with consent
"the rights of the British colonies asserted and proved
Mass. lawyer, his ideas-right to life, liberty, and property, no taxation w/o representation, came up w/ Stamp Act
Writs of Assistance Case. British regulars detached to Lexington and Concord- Revere, Dawes, Prescott, because Adams/ Hancock Munitions. Talks about Republicanism.
(1725-1783) was an attorney in Boston. In 1768, Samuel Adams and James Otis wrote a logical; and polite letter that restated the illegality of taxation w/o representation in Parliment. The Massachusetts assembly sent the letter to other colonies in an invitation of support. After being ordered to with draw the Adams-Otis letter, the Assembly refused, and was dissolved by royal decree.
April 19, 1775
A 1775 conflict between colonial minutemen & British soldiers attempting to take the colonists' large store of arms; began the Revolutionary War, British governor Thomas Gage sent troops to Concord to stop the colonists who were loading arms. The next day, on April 19, 1775, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston.
The battles of Lexington and Concord initiated the Revolutionary War between the American colonists and the British. British governor Thomas Gage sent troops to Concord to stop the colonists who were loading arms. The next day, on April 19, 1775, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston