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22 terms

PHC AP English Language and Composition Vocab Week 1

STUDY
PLAY
audience
1. people watching, listening, or reading what you have to offer (viewers, listeners,
readers, spectators, observers)
2. a prearranged meeting with an important person (interview, meeting, session)
purpose
reason for, point for acting (rationale, principle, point, idea, use for)
2. to think through, intent do act (intent, goal)
assumption
1. taken for granted without proof (supposition, belief)
2. to take responsibility (acceptance of)
3. to begin an undertaking an action
4. a starting point in logic or an argument (theory, hypothesis, postulation)
didactic
1. educational, instructive teaching (informative, instructional, edifying, enriching)
2. containing a message (moralistic, serious)
3. high-minded intent of teaching others even when it is not wanted or asked for
(straitlaced, narrow minded, prudish)
formal
1. according to the rules (official, conventional, strict, proper)
2. methodical, in order (prescribed, prearranged)
3. elegant or suitable for a stylish occasion
4. gained through education (certified, expert, specialized)
5. planned
prose
1. text or speech other than poetry (words, text)
2. a matter-of-fact, ordinary, even unimaginable choice of words (style)
informal
1. relaxed and casual, without ritual or formal procedure (unofficial, everyday,
colloquial)
colloquial/colloquialism
1. relaxed and casual, commonplace (informal, ordinary, everyday)
2. conversational; appropriate in everyday spoken language (slang)
jargon
1. special words and phrases particular to a group (terminology, lingo, slang,
vernacular, argot)
2. meaningless words and phrases that borders on ostentatious, pompous language
(meaningless expressions)
Prior knowledge
1. Information gained in an earlier time and already possessed; former learning
(previously-attained awareness, understanding)
reflective
1. attentive, weighty, discerning thoughts that can lead to astute, judicious thinking
(insightful, deep, aware)
2. perceptive or keenly aware (discerning, intuitive)
explication
1. to formally explain with details; to clarify or enlighten (explanation, elucidation,
clarification)
2. to further the ideas of a theory, including its outcomes (exposition, illumination,
revelation)
exposition
1. a written, point-by-point explanation or account of an issue, problem, proposal, or
theory (explanation, account, clarification, elucidation, explication)
2. a written discussion of a text, covering the philosophical and/or practical
significance, inference, and implications of the text
3. a fair (show)
essay
1. a short written work that deals with a specific topic; the topic can be addressed in a
form that describes or analyzes; the method or approach to the writing can be
literary or journalistic; the nature of the writing is more personal and often leans
toward artistic, interpretive, and expressive modes of writing, as opposed to a more
formal writing approach; essays express a point of view (paper, composition, piece,
prose, text, treatise, discourse)
lexicon
1. A word book: a dictionary, glossary, thesaurus, concordance, or similar word list or
terms list
2. A group or person's specific language or vocabulary
clarity
1. clear, precise, unambiguous
2. simple
coherent
1. stuck together
2. logical, rational, reasoned, sound, and solid in construction
3. articulated well
cohesive
1. interconnected, interrelated, and consistent in construction
2. organized and unified in construction
fluid
1. flowing and smooth, as liquid
2. graceful and elegant
3. liquid
lucid
1. logical, fluid, coherent, well-structured, thought through
2. well-spoken, articulate, eloquent
3. clear-headed, rational, sober, sane
rhetoric
1. speaking and writing effectively; the skillful, artful, and effective use of language
through prose, vocabulary, style, and expression
2. expressive exaggeration of words, a contrivance of words, that lacks true
significance; empty words
3. the ancient art of influencing an audience with your words, speech, oratory skill;
composition for speeches that persuades
assiduous
1. diligent, persevering, hard working, industrious, attentive, constant