5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Republic of Virtue
- Admiral Horatio Nelson
- Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
- a Royal Navy tactician and leader, Nelson (1758-1805) was the greatest and most innovative naval leader of his time, and is best known for his victory at the Battle of Trafalgar (#178), in which he lost his life. He repeatedly foundered Napoleon's (#170) plans for naval victory in Egypt, the New World, and invasion of England.
- b The term used for the anti-RCC actions the various French Revolutionary governments took between 1789 and the Concordat of 1801 (#173), it was most intense during the days of the Committee (#151).
- c An island off the northern coast of Italy, close to Corsica. Napoleon (#170) was exiled here in 1814 following defeats at Leipzig (#190) and the fall of Paris, but returned to Europe in the Hundred Days (#198).
- d Name of a speech given by Robespierre (#144) in early 1794, it laid out his idea that terror must be used in defense of democracy.
- e Issued by the Constituent Assembly (#120) on 26 August 1789, it set forth the basic human rights and principles of government, according to the Assemblists, that is.
5 Multiple choice questions
- Lasting through 1814-5, it was a meeting by the various powers of Europe to decide what to do after the fall of Napoleon (#170). The Congress mainly featured the excellent French diplomat Talleyrand (#196) successfully fending off the Allied attempts to carve up French territory.
- In Latin, De revolutionibus orbium coelestium, it was the codification of the Copernican heliocentric doctrine (#s. 8 and 11 respectively) and Copernicus' magnum opus, published slightly before his death (1543) The Inquisition placed it on the Index of Forbidden Books.
- Also known as Cartesius (1596 - 1650), he developed the Cartesian (or x-y) coordinate plane concept, wrote Discourse on Method (#20), and was the original rationalist thinker (regarded as the Father of Modern Philosophy by many). He helped merge algebra and geometry in the pre-Newtonian days, and also believed that there was no divine guiding will, leading the universe to an end. Quotable Quote: Cogito, ergo sum. (#22; French: Je pense, donc je suis; English: I think, therefore I am.)
- The first concerted effort by European powers to bring down the Revolution in France, it was formed in 1793 by Austria, Prussia, the UK, Sardinia, Naples, Spain, and Portugal. The participants would continue to fight until 1797, when Bonaparte (#170) signed the Treaty of Campo Formio (#163).
- The moderates of the Jacobin Club (#124).
5 True/False questions
The Battle of the Nile → Also known as the Battle of Aboukir Bay and fought on the night of August 1-2, 1798, Nelson (#164) and the British fleet defeated the French fleet in Egypt, preventing Napoleon (#170) from further victory in the Middle East.
William Harvey → An English anatomist (1578 - 1657) who was the first to accurately describe the human circulatory system in detail and have his ideas widely circulated (pun definitely intended). In his magnum opus On the Motion of the Heart and Blood (#36), he said that blood was pumped around the body by the heart and then went back to the heart in a closed circulatory system.
plebiscite → The opposite (almost, anyway) of rationalism (#28), empiricism's proponents were mainly found in England during the Scientific Revolution. It emphasized experimentation as opposed to reason as the basis for Truth.
Vendée → The most left-leaning of the Jacobins (#124) during the days of the Convention (#134), they were supported by the sans culottes (#147) and fought against Robespierre (#144), eventually aligning themselves with Hébert (#153).
Pugachev Rebellion → A Cossack insurrection led by Yemelyan Pugachev, a pretender to the Russian throne, it was the largest peasant rebellion in Russian history and was directed primarily against the rule of Ekaterina II (#73). It was started in 1773 and enjoyed some success (including the capture of Kazan in '73) before being crushed and its leader executed in 1774 and '75.