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49 terms

AP US Government-Unit 1 Vocabulary

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amendment
alteration or addition to the constitution
antifederalists
someone who opposes the federal systen of government
Articles of Confederation
America's first constitution which failed
authority
the right to use power
bicameralism
having two houses as a legislative body
Bill of Attainder
an act of legislature finding a person guilty of treason or felony without trial
Bill of Rights
defines Americans' rights as citizens
bureaucratic view
belief in a government by many bureaus, administrators, and petty officials
checks and balances
government branches have the power to check each other
coalition
a temporary alliance of distinct parties or states for joint action
commerce clause
gives Congress the power to regulate interstate and foreign commerce (trade)
concurrent powers
powers that are shared by the state and federal government
Constitutional Convention
there it was decided that there would be a republican government and a balanced government, and there would be voting
Constitutional Democracy
based of popular sovereignty; structures, powers, and limits of the government are set forth in a constitution
democracy
a system of selecting policymakers and of organizing government so that policy represents and responds to the public's preferences
direct (particapatory) democracy
form of democracy in which most, or all, of the citizenry participate directly
elite
a group of persons excersising the major share of authority within a large group
enumerated powers
list of items in the Constitution of Congress' powers
ex post facto law
constitution prohibits convicting a person for committing an act that was not illegal at the time the act was performed, but was later made illegal
express powers
powers spelled out in the Constitution
faction
a party or group that is often self-seeking
federalism
seperation of power between national and state government
federalists
supporters of the federal system of government
Full Faith and Credit Act
requires states to put full faith and credit in other states
Great Compromise
said the government would be bicameral, representation by population in the lower house (house of representatives), and equal representation in the senate
Habeas Corpus
requires a person to go before a court or judge before restraining their liberties
inherent powers
powers that sovereign states hold
implied powers
powers authorized by the Constitution that seem to be implied by powers expressly stated
inalienable
not capable of being repudiated
legitimacy
what makes a law or constitution a source of right
line-item veto
power of the president to veto particular items of a bill without having to veto the whole bill
majority rule
the most votes wins
National Supremacy Article
says that federal laws take precedence over state laws
New Jersey Plan
this plan pushed for unicameralism and equal representation
power elite view
belief that the small percentage of people who are rich should rule
pluralist view
emphasize political competition among groups
popular consent
people allow themselves to be governed by the people they choose
power
the ability to do or act
power elite
closely knit alliance of military, government, and corporate officials percieved as the center of wealth and political power
representative democracy
a government in which leaders make decisions by winning a competative struggle for popular vote
republic
representative democracy
reserved powers
powers reserved exclusively to the jurisdiction of a particular political authority
separation of powers
having three branches of government: legislative, judicial, and executive
Shay's Rebellion
a group of farmers led by Daniel Shay that rebelled and made leaders question the Articles of Confederation's power limit violations of property rights
statism
support or belief in the sovereignty of states
3/5 Compromise
3/5 of slave population counted for representation in the lower house
unalienable
not alienable; inalienable
Virginia Plan
pushed for three branches, bicameralism, representation based on population, and a national government
War Powers Clause
gives the Congress the power to declare war