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Politics of the United States
US Constitution - Articles and Amendments
Terms in this set (34)
Article 1 of the Constitution
Article 2 of the Constitution
Article 3 of the Constitution
Article 4 of the Constitution
Relations Among the States- including guarantees for the states and what type of relationships the states will have with each other.
Article 5 of the Constitution
Amending the Constitution
Article 6 of the Constitution
Supremacy Clause - clearly states that national law will be supreme over state law
Article 7 of the Constitution
Outlines the process for ratification of the Constitution
1 First Amendment
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
2 Second Amendment
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.
3 Third Amendment
The government may not house soldiers in private homes without consent of the owner
4 Fourth Amendment
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
5 Fifth Amendment
Protects the rights of persons accused of crimes, including protection against double jeopardy, self-incrimination, and punishment without due process of law.
6 Sixth Amendment
Protects individuals accused of crimes. It includes the right to counsel, the right to confront witnesses, and the right to a speedy and public trial.
7 Seventh Amendment
Right to a trial by jury in civil cases
8 Eighth Amendment
Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
9 Ninth Amendment
The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
10 Tenth Amendment
The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.
11 Eleventh Amendment
1795. When states sue other states, it automatically goes before the Supreme Court. Residents of one state cannot sue another state. Another country can't sue the US and vice verse.
12 Twelfth Amendment
Beginning in 1804, electors would vote separately for President and Vice President
13 Thirteenth Amendment
1865 - Freed all slaves, abolished slavery.
14 Fourteenth Amendment
The 1868 constitutional amendment adopted after the Civil War that states, "no state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws."
15 Fifteenth Amendment
1870. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
16 Sixteenth Amendment
1913 constitutional amendment that gave Congress the authority to levy an income tax
17 Seventeenth Amendment
1913 constitutional amendment allowing American voters to directly elect US senators
18 Eighteenth Amendment
1919 amendment imposing the federal prohibition of alcohol
19 Nineteenth Amendment
The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.
20 Twentieth Amendment
Ratified in 1933. Shortens the lame duck period by moving the presidential inauguration from March to January.
21 Twenty-First Amendment
Passed 1933 to repeal the 18th Amendment (Prohibition). Congress legalized light beer.
22 Twenty-Second Amendment
Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office.
23 Twenty-Third Amendment
1961 amendment that gives the right of voting to citizens in Washington D.C. (even though it's not a state) and that they get 3 votes in the electoral college
24 Twenty-Fourth Amendment
The constitutional amendment passed in 1964 that declared poll taxes void in federal elections.
25 Twenty-Fifth Amendment
A 1967 amendment to the Constitution that establishes procedures for filling presidential and vice presidential vacancies and makes provisions for presidential disability.
26 Twenty-Sixth Amendment
1971 Amendment. Changed the legal voting age from 21 to 18.
27 Twenty-Seventh Amendment
1992 ratified. Banned congress from raising its members salaries right before the next election
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