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Intellectual Disability and ASD

Terms in this set (19)

A. Persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts, as manifested by the following, currently or by history
1. Deficits in social-emotional reciprocity (ranging from abnormal social approach and failure of reciprocal conversation; to reduced sharing of interests, emotions, or affect; to failure to initiate or respond to social interactions)
2. Deficits in nonverbal communicative behaviors used for social interaction (ranging from poorly integrated verbal and nonverbal communication; to abnormalities in eye contact and body language or deficits in understanding and use of gestures; to a total lack of facial expressions and nonverbal communication)
3. Deficits in developing, maintaining, and understanding relationships (ranging from difficulties adjusting behavior to suit various social contexts; to difficulties in sharing imaginative play or in making friends; to absence of interest in peers)
B. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, activities, as manifested by at least 2 of the following, currently or by history
1. Stereotyped or repetitive motor movements, use of objects or speech
2. Insistence on sameness, inflexible adherence to routines, or ritualized patterns of verbal or nonverbal behavior
3. Highly restricted, fixated interests that are abnormal in intensity or focus
4. Hyper- or hypo-reactivity to sensory input or unusual interest in sensory aspects of the environment
C. Symptoms must be present in the early developmental period (but may not be become fully manifest until social demands exceed limited capacities, or may be masked by learned strategies in later life)
D. Symptoms cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning
E. These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability or global developmental delay