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test 2 review advanced diseases
Terms in this set (26)
Name 4 treatments of myasthenia gravis?
3. iv immunoglobulin
which test for pulmonary embolism can have a false positive?
Nate the test or procedure used to confirm a pulmonary hypertension diagnosis?
Right heart catheterization
What types of infections happen before a diagnosis of Guillain- Barre ?
Febrile respiratory or GI illness
Your patient has a large pulmonary embolism creating alveolar dead space can you expect the end tidal C02 reading to be high or low?
Hemodynamic compromise + alveolar dead space results in low exhaled C02
What test or procedure confirms a diagnosis of interstitial lung disease?
Open lung biopsy
What is the name and classification of medication associated with high risk of interstitial lung disease?
What causes myasthenic crisis?
Respiratory failure caused by diaphagmatic weakness
What duration and drug classification is pyridostigmine (mestinon)?
Ex: albuterol is short acting bronchodilator
long acting cholinergic
What value is abnormal in the cerebrospinal fluid of a guillain barre patient ?
protein is elevated
What are the NIF/VC parameters that can alert to impending respiratory failure?
NIF: less than -20 cmH20
VC: less than 20 ml/kg IBW
what specific type of pulmonary embolus is pictured here?
Name the 4 treatments for pulmonary embolism?
5. Fluids and Pressors for BP regulation
For the ice pack to be valid a patient must present with which symptom?
What blocks transmission of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junction?
Acetylcholine receptor antibodies
what is the mean pulmonary artery pressure defined as in pulmonary hypertension?
greater than 25 mmHg at REST
Which vasoactive mediator are impaired in Group 1?
1. Nitic oxide (NO)
Which medication is used to assess vasoreactivity in the pulmonary hypertension patients
(Flolan and Veletri)
Name 4 non cardiopulmonary manifestations of guillain barre
What are the 3 types of emboli?
Which occupation is at risk for type of pneumoconiosis called black lung?
What are the 3 pathological changes to peripheral nerves in guillain barre?
Is interstitial lung disease (ILD) neuromuscular obstructive or inflammatory?
Name 5 causes of pulmonary hypertension?
Chronic pulmonary disease (COPD, interstitial lung disease
congenital heart disease
Left heart disease (CHF)
right heart disease (Cor pulmonale)
Sleep disordered breathing (Obstructive Sleep Apnea)
Chronic renal failure
Name 4 treatments for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis?
Corticosteriods (reduce inflammation)
oxygen (treat hypoxemia)
pharmacotherapy (pirfenidone Ofev)
Mechanical ventilation (respiratory failure)
what is this radiological finding?
What does this process show?
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