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way of life in which physical activity is valued as an important part of daily living.
motivation that comes from inside an individual rather than from any external or outside rewards, such as money or grades.
a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment
Ability of the lungs to take oxygen into the body, the ability of the heart to pump it through the blood vessels to the muscle cells, and the ability of the muscles to extract oxygen; also called aerobic fitness
Increasing the duration, or intensity of exercise, doing new exercises, or changing the pace of your exercise will allow you to do this to your muscles.
The type and degree of adaptation that the body makes depends on the type and amount of exercise performed
Principle of Ceiling Effect
While the body will continue to adapt in small ways to increasingly strenous levels of exercise, individuals will not continue to improve their fitness level indefinitely
Principle of Use-Disuse
After one stops exercising, the training effect will be lost at about 1/3 the rate at which it was gained
Principle of Adaptation
A bdy will respond to the type and amouint of physical demands placed upon it
The Rest Principle
During training, tissues are broken down. Training effect occurs when these tissues are replaced to a higher level during the rest period.
Protective mechanism of the muscles which works to prevent muscle pulls and tears called by ballistic stretching; Initial reflex of muscle is to contract or shorten.
Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion
Alternative to heart rate monitoring; simpler method for participants to use to describe effort
States that during cardiovascular exercise, if an individual cannot carry on a conversation they are working to hard
Thin walled vessel forming part of the network which allows gas and nutrient exchange with the cells
Universally accepted position in which trunk is errect, arms at sides, palms forward, legs straight and feet turned slightly outwards
Tough gristle like substance that protects the bones in a joint from rubbinbg against one another
Framework of bones, gives body shape and support, protects organs and provides a system of levers for movement
Moveable joint that is surrounded by a tough protective capsule and bathed in lubricating fluid, normally providing free movement between the bones
Type I Slow Twitch
Type of muscle fibre used for low-tension, submaximal exercise; good endurance and use oxygen well
Type II Fast Twitch
Type of muscle fibre that is generally larger and develops tension faster; more powerful but tire quickly
Provide the body with its most efficient and readily available source of energy; include sugars, starches
Least efficient fuel source; important for growth and reapir of body tissues and the regulation of important body processes
Important food component found in the cellulose or outside coating of all foods from plants; not digested or absorbed but helps to keep you regular; Reccomended intake is 25 - 35 grams daily
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