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28 terms

Bill of Rights & 27 amendments

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1st Amendment
protects basic civil liberties. freedom of religion,speech, and press
2nd Amendment
The right to bear arms
3rd Amendment
says that citizens cannot be forced to let soldiers stay in their homes during peacetime
4thAmendment
peoples right to privacy. No search without a warrant
5thAmendment
requires that an indictment, or official accusation, be issued before being held for a serious crime. Prevents double jeopardy. Guarantees due process of law
6th Amendment
guarantees the right to a "speedy and public trial"
7th Amendment
right to trial by jury
8th Amendment
limits the fines and punishments that the government can impose
9th Amendment
guarantees that rights are not denied to the people simply because they have not been mentioned in the Constitution
10th Amendment
Rights of the states. Reserved Rights
11th Amendment
says that citizens of another state or a foreign country cannot sue a state in federal court unless the state agrees to it.
12th Amendment
Electoral college reform
13th Amendment
abolishes slavery
14th Amendment
extends the rights of citizenship. It states that all persons born or naturalized in any of the United States are citizens of the United States. This was meant to protect African Americans
15th Amendment
states that citizens cannot be prevented from voting on the basis of race, color, or if the person had been a slave.
16th Amendment
gives Congress the power to impose a national income tax
17th Amendment
states that senators shall be elected directly by the people rather than state legislatures.
18th Amendment
Prohibition. It banned the manufacture,sale, or siopment of alcoholic beverages
19th Amendment
grants suffrage, or the right to vote, to women
20th Amendment
changes the day that the new president takes offices, from March 4 to Jan 20. States that Congress shall meet on Jan 3rd every year.
21st Amendment
repealed Prohibition (18th amendment)
22nd Amendment
Presidential term limits
23rd Amendment
gives the District of Columbia the right to have electors in the Electoral College.
24th Amendment
makes poll taxes, charges that need to be paid in order to vote, illegal.
25th Amendment
sets rules for who should succeed, or take the place of , the president if he or she is unable to perform the duties of the office
26th Amendment
extends the right to vote to 18 year olds
27th Amendment
states that pay raises for senators and representatives cannot take effect until after the next election for representatives is held.
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments added in 1791