Bill of Rights & 27 amendments
protects basic civil liberties. freedom of religion,speech, and press
The right to bear arms
says that citizens cannot be forced to let soldiers stay in their homes during peacetime
peoples right to privacy. No search without a warrant
requires that an indictment, or official accusation, be issued before being held for a serious crime. Prevents double jeopardy. Guarantees due process of law
guarantees the right to a "speedy and public trial"
right to trial by jury
limits the fines and punishments that the government can impose
guarantees that rights are not denied to the people simply because they have not been mentioned in the Constitution
Rights of the states. Reserved Rights
says that citizens of another state or a foreign country cannot sue a state in federal court unless the state agrees to it.
Electoral college reform
extends the rights of citizenship. It states that all persons born or naturalized in any of the United States are citizens of the United States. This was meant to protect African Americans
states that citizens cannot be prevented from voting on the basis of race, color, or if the person had been a slave.
gives Congress the power to impose a national income tax
states that senators shall be elected directly by the people rather than state legislatures.
Prohibition. It banned the manufacture,sale, or siopment of alcoholic beverages
grants suffrage, or the right to vote, to women
changes the day that the new president takes offices, from March 4 to Jan 20. States that Congress shall meet on Jan 3rd every year.
repealed Prohibition (18th amendment)
Presidential term limits
gives the District of Columbia the right to have electors in the Electoral College.
makes poll taxes, charges that need to be paid in order to vote, illegal.
sets rules for who should succeed, or take the place of , the president if he or she is unable to perform the duties of the office
extends the right to vote to 18 year olds
states that pay raises for senators and representatives cannot take effect until after the next election for representatives is held.
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments added in 1791