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Intro to Social Welfare MidTerm
Terms in this set (20)
Social work perspectives draw from ------- to attempt to explain what drives and motivates people at various stages of life
-Education and other fields
Social work theories help social workers -----
-Predict Intervention Results
Social workers should use ---- to investigate issues and drive their practice, instead of ----- to client work.
-Applying their own attitudes, reactions, and moods
Social Learning Theory
Says that learning occurs by observing others and modeling their behavior (imitating) them
Says that people are products of complex systems, rather than individuals who act in isolation.
-behavior is influenced by a variety of factors that work together as a system. Factors include: family, friends, social settings, religious structure, economic class and home environment
Systems Theory is used to treat
Psychosocial Development Theory
Humans are believed to go through 8 stages of Psychosocial Development:
1. Trust versus mistrust
2. Autonomy versus shame and doubt
3. Initiative versus guilt
4. Industry versus inferiority
5. Identity versus confusion
6. Intimacy versus isolation
7. Generativity versus stagnation
8. Integrity versus despair
They go through these stages as they age
Says that humans are biologically driven to seek gratification
-Often unconsciously- ties back to childhood
Social Exchange Theory
Says that relationships are based on cost-benefit analysis. Each person seeks to maximize their benefits and is expected to reciprocate for the benefits they've received
Rational Choice Theory
Says that all choices are rational because people calculate the costs and benefits before making a decision
-Explains how and why people make choices
6 Practice Models in Social Work
1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
2. Crisis Intervention Model
3. Narrative Therapy
4. ProbleSolving Model
5. Solution-Focused Therapy
6. Task-Centered Practice
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Focuses on how thoughts and feelings influence behaviors, as well as how self-destructive behaviors can lead to psychological problems
Crisis Intervention Model
Used for clients who are experiencing crisis and trauma, such as victims of domestic violence, and for clients who require intervention to prevent physical harm or suicide. 7 Stages:
1. Take a psychosocial and lethality assessment.
2. Rapidly establish rapport.
3. Identify the major crisis cause(s).
4. Enable the client to express their feelings and emotions.
5. Generate and explore safe alternatives for coping.
6. Create an action plan.
7. Follow up after the intervention.
Process of removing an individual from their problem(s) and helping the individual to see that they have the power to change their life story
A social worker helps an individual identify a problem, create an action plan to solve it and implement the solution
Solution Focused Therapy
Involves the social worker and client identifying a problem and creating a solution based on the individual's strengths
When a social worker breaks down a problem into manageable tasks. The individual has deadlines to complete the tasks and agrees to meet them
Two goals of generalist social work practice
To restore and enhance the social functioning of systems of all sizes (individuals, families, groups, organizations and communities)
Focuses on the interaction between persons and their environments
What are the levels that Generalist Social Workers focus on?
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